Rome (Italian: Roma) is the headtown of Italy and the shire of Lazio, as well as being the township with the greatest gound and the most indwellers in the land, with about 2.8 thousand thousand indwellers. It sits in the middle west of the Italian headland, where the Aniene ea flows into the Tiber ea.
In olden times it was the headtown of a great Caeserdom, which spread over most of Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. For many hundredyears, the Romans were the mightiest folk in the Western world, and the doings of their rike yet lie at the bottom of the Western way of life to this day.
Rome under the Kings Edit
In the old Roman tale, the town of Rome was builded in the year 753 BC by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus. These brothers were born to a kingly line; their grandfather was King Numitor of Alba Longa, on whose daughter, Rhea Silvia, they were begotten by the god Mars. Numitor's backstabbing brother Amulius, after robbing Numitor of his kingship, sent the newborn twins into the wilderness to die, but instead they were suckled by a wolf, and grew to manhood. Once grown, and knowing of their bloodties, Romulus and Remus gathered up a band of outcasts and builded a town upon the Tiber ea. After strife betwist the brothers over which hill to build upon, Romulus slew Remus, and ruled the town himself; thereafter it bore his name, and was known as Rome.
Romulus reigned as Rome's first king, and he set up the Senate, or Eldermoot, for redeship and help in steering the reveship. Romulus' followers were of the he-folk, so to get wives for them, he led them in the Kidnapping of the Sabine Women, taking the daughters of other towns to wife by their might. Of this came many wars with the folk round about; at first Romulus won again and again, and was rewarded with Triumphs. But when the king of the Sabines himself came up against Rome, the clash became hot and could have gone either way, but that the Sabine women pleaded with their husbands and fathers to call off the fight. Rome soon grew to become a great town, and overspread all seven hills beside the Tiber.
After Romulus, Numa reigned as king of the Romans, and after him more kings, but in time the kingship fell into the hands of Rome's neighbors, the Etruscans. King Tarquin the Proud gained the kingship by murdering his wife, his elder brother, and the king who went before him. By withholding the old king from burial, and also putting many Senators to death, he earned the wrath of the Roman folk. At last, when the king's son Sextus raped the high-born woman, Lucretia, (who afterward killed herself), the leading boroughmen who witnessed the thing swore an oath to do away with the kingly reveship, and banish Tarquin from Rome.
The Roman Republic Edit
All this happened in Collatia, the outland town over which it was the task of Collatinus, Lucretia's husband, to hold rikeship. Lucius Junius Brutus, along with Collatinus, Triciptinus, and Poplicola, led the overthrow of the last king; they gathered up the youth of Collatia and with them went to Rome, where he called the folk to the Forum and bade them to rise up against Tarquin. The king, fearing for his life, fled from the city. Foresaking kingly reveship, the new rulers of Rome chose instead to live under the reveship of the Senate, and be led by two Consuls, who would be chosen for but one year at a time.
This new, mootrikish reveship was called the Roman Republic, and among its first laws was that any man who plotted to bring back the kingship could be put to death by any boroughman without a trial. Brutus was made first Consul, and the law came back to him bitterly when he was bound to put his own son to death for making friendship with Tarquin and trying to bring him back to Rome.
The Roman Republic lasted for almost five hundred years, and waxed great in its might, overspreading Italy and many nearby lands. At first, only the higher families of the folk, the Patricians, could hold Rome's mighty ambights, but a few years after the overthrowing, the right was given to the lower folk, the Plebians, to choose two Tribunes, without whose leave the Senate could make no laws.
In 390 BC, Rome was taken by the Gaulic king Brennus, who would leave the town standing only if the Romans would yield up a great looseguild: a thousand gold pounds. When the Romans said that Brennus sought to beguile them by rigging the scales with tricky weights, Brennus cried out, "Woe to the Beaten," and cast his heavy belt onto the scale along with the weights.