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Old Gutnish tung

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Old Gutnish was the speech of Old Nordish that was spoken on the iland of Gotland. It shows enough otherlinesses from the Old East Nordish speeches of Old Swedish and Old Danish that it is thought to be a sundry offshoot.

The root of Gut is the same as in Goth and it is often said that the tung has alikenesses with the Gothish tung, the most well-known sake being that Gothish and Gutnish called bot grown-up and young sheep lamb. These alikenesses have led teachchildren such as Elias Wessén and Dietrich Hoffmann to believe that Old Gutnish is the most nearly akin to Gothish.

The Old Nordish twiselfloud au (as in auga "eye") stayed on in Old West Nordish, while in, say, Old Swedish - midland speeches being standouts - it became the oneslefloud , that is, a long make of ô = ǫ, (ốga). Likewise the twiselfloud ai in bain (stone) stayed on in Old West Nordish, while in Old Swedish it became é (bén). Whereas Old West Nordish had the ey twiselfloud (and, say, Old Swedish had the oneselfloud ǿ) Old Gutnish had oy.

Ur Germanic Old West Nordish Old Gutnish Gothish Old Swedish Old Danish

*augon (eye)
*baino (bone)
*hauzjan (hear)

auga
bein
heyra

auga
bain
hoyra

augo
---
hausjan

ốga
bén
hǿra

ǿga
bén
hǿra

Most of the body of Old Gutnish is found in the Gutasaga in the thirteenth hundredyear.

Earnestness:

Þissi þieluar hafþi ann sun sum hit hafþi. En hafþa cuna hit huita stierna þaun tu bygþu fyrsti agutlandi fyrstu nat sum þaun saman suafu þa droymdi hennj draumbr. So sum þrir ormar warin slungnir saman j barmj hennar Oc þytti hennj sum þair scriþin yr barmi hennar. þinna draum segþi han firi hasþa bonda sinum hann riaþ dravm þinna so. Alt ir baugum bundit bo land al þitta warþa oc faum þria syni aiga. þaim gaf hann namn allum o fydum. guti al gutland aigha graipr al annar haita Oc gunfiaun þriþi. þair sciptu siþan gutlandi i þria þriþiunga. So at graipr þann elzti laut norþasta þriþiung oc guti miþal þriþiung En gunfiaun þann yngsti laut sunnarsta. siþan af þissum þrim aucaþis fulc j gutlandi som mikit um langan tima at land elptj þaim ai alla fyþa þa lutaþu þair bort af landi huert þriþia þiauþ so at alt sculdu þair aiga oc miþ sir bort hafa sum þair vfan iorþar attu.

Wielding widespread old Nordish spelling:

Þissi Þjelvar hafði ann sun sum hít Hafði. En Hafða kuna hít Hvíta Stjerna. Þaun tú byggðu fyrsti á Gutlandi. Fyrstu nátt sum þaun saman svafu þá droymdi henni draumr; só sum þrír ormar varin slungnir saman í barmi hennar, ok þýtti henni sum þair skriðin ýr barmi hennar. Þinna draum segði han firi Hafða bónda sínum. Hann raið draum þinna só: "Alt ir baugum bundit, bóland al þitta varða uk fáum þría syni aiga." Þaim gaf hann namn, allum ófýddum; Guti, al Gutland aiga; Graipr, al annar haita; ok Gunnfjaun þriði. Þair skiptu síðan Gutlandi í þría þriðjunga, só at Graipr þann eldsti laut norðasta þriðjung, ok Guti miðal þriðjung, en Gunnfjaun þann yngsti laut sunnarsta. Síðan, af þissum þrim aukaðis fulk í Gutlandi sum mikit um langan tíma at land elpti þaim ai alla fýða. Þá lutaðu þair bort af landi hvert þriðja þjauð só at alt skuldu þair aiga ok mið sír bort hafa sum þair ufan jorðar áttu.

Oversetting:

This Thielvar had a son called Hafthi. And Hafthi's wife was called Whitestar. Those two were the first to settle on Gotland. When they slept there for the first night, she dreamed that three snakes lay in her lap. She told this to Hafthi. He aread her dream like this: "Everything is bound with bangles, this iland will be lived in, and you will bear three sons." Although, they were not yet born, he named them Guti, who would own the iland, Graip and Gunfiaun. The sons clove the iland into three landships, so that Graip who was the eldest took the north, Guti the middle and Gunfjaun, who was the youngest took the southern third. After a long time, their offspring became so fulsome that the iland could not feed all of them. They drew lots and every third ilander had to leave. They could keep everything they owned but the land.
Links to leaves about tungs (adight)
Tungs Kin of tungs
Indo-Europish tungs
Teutonish tungs North Teutonish tungs: Faroeish tung - Icelandish tung (High Icelandic)- Old nordish tung -Old Gutnish tung - South Jutish
West Teutonish tungs: Old Saxish tung - Middle Low Teutonlandish - Old High Teutonlandish
East Teutonish tungs: Gothish tung - Vandalish - Burgundish
Anglo-Frish tungs: English (Old english tung and Old English tongue - English tung - Anglish tung - Lowland Scots Tongue - Yola - Old Frish tung
Celtish tungs Welsh tongue - Breton tung - Gaulish tung
Romanish tungs Latin (Folklatin) - Italish tung - French tung (Old Low Frankish)- Spanish tung - Portugish tung - Mirandish tongue
Indo-Persish tungs Indish tungs: Bengalish tung - Hindi - Urdu - Roma Tung - Punjabish tongue


Persish tungs: Balochish tung - Pashto tung- Persish tung - Kurdish tung

Other Indo-Europish
other tungs
Other Chinish tung - Japanish tung - Arabish tung

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