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Old English Wordbook

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The Old English Wordbook is for gathering words from Old English that did not overlive into Nowtide English, and edstatheling them, by applying to them the litherwisely shifts that Old and Middle English went through to become Nowtide English, and by giving to them a spelling in keeping with that of Nowtide English. This wordbook is vowed to giving new life to these besorrowly forgotten words, words that are worthy of being a deal of our Nowtide English speech. We lath all those kindred with Old English to input to this wordbook, and help richen and lifen the English tongue through, by bringing these words back from forsakenness into uptakeness. A newminder, only words of Old English outspring are to be input here—this wordbook is not for bethinking new words from English roots, which can be done at the "English to Anglish" and "Anglish" wordbooks.


For a list of etymological or other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see Forshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S U W Y


Sample of Uptimed Old English Words from

"How We’d Talk if the English Had Won in 1066"

(David Cowley)

This is a small sample of words from the "Wordhoard" deal of the book, given with the maker's leave. The book is only grounded on true known OE words. It can be found on the web by Googling (heed: Amazon UK has rather more reviews than US); other book by same maker in print is Hastings 1066 - Words We'd Wield if We'd Won (2011) - which is a shortmore phrasebook.

On newing English, Cowley's belief is that as much as can be gleaned from the OE motherlode should be sought out and uptimed for potential brookness today. When this is thorough wrapped (and dreamly backed by some kind of academic Board of English experts), mightly (possible) terms for newmore concepts can be tackled with greatmore backup from the roots of the tongue. His main goal however, is getting uptimed words from OE back into mainstream English - that would indeed be an eftnewing of yearve (restoration of heritage).

Notes

i) Listings follow this pattern:

arveth n. labour, trouble, difficulty earfoðe

a) Firstly, the word in bold is the updated form.

b) Next comes the grammatical definition (see Forshortenings)

c) Then follows meaning(s) in todays standhard English.

d) The Old English rootword from which the uptimed word has been outdrawn is given last, in italics. Rootwords are known from original texts and can be referred to in Clark Hall, unless from Middle English, which can be referred to in Mayhew and Skeat; these latter are marked [ME] (see booklist, p21)

ii) It is common for words to shift their meanings over time - for a model, 'meat' at one time wrapped a greatmore field of food than it does today. Meanings of uptimed words can thus be offset from the original meaning of their Old English rootwords. It is a question of what seems to make sense to the modern ear. This also applies for whether an uptimed word would do as a taleword (adjective), telling deedword (adverb), or both.

Grammar Key

a. = adjective (describes a noun: 'big' in big house)

adv. = adverb (shows way in which something is done: fast, happily)

n. = noun (normally things and ideas: car, bird, freedom)

pp. = past participle

v. = verb (doing words like to run, to write, to sing)

v.t. = verb, transitive

(Some words can be both telling deedwords and talewords. Listings seek to define what brook sounds most naturely to today’s ear, but should not always be thought fast.)

addly a. spoiled, diseased adlig

afoundness n. invention, discovery afundennes

afterfollow v. succeed æfterfolgian

afterfollowedness n. sequel æfterfygednes

afterfollower n. successor æfterfylgere

afterfollowingness n. succession æfterfygendnes

aftergoingness n. posterity æftergengnes

afterwardness n. posterity æfterweardnes

againcome v. return agencuman

althediness n. foreignness elðeodignes

althedish a. foreign elðeodisc

althedy a. of foreign nation elðeodig

angmood n. distressed/ frustrated mood angmod

angmoodness n. distress, frustration angmodnes

angness n. anxiety, trouble angnes

angsome a. troublesome, distressing angsom

angsomely a. troublesomely, distressingly angsomlic

angsomeness n. distress, trouble angsumnes

anleth n. face andwlita

arveth n. labour, trouble earfoðe

arvethliness n. laboriousness earfoðlicnes

arvethly a. troublesome, laborious earfoðlic

arvethness n. difficulty, trouble earfoðnes

athel v. to make noble æðelian

athelborn noble born æðelboren

atheling n. prince, noble aþeling [ME]

athelkind n. nobility (class of) æðelcund

athelness n. nobility æðelnes

befare v. traverse, surround befaran, beferan

befasten v. establish, put safe, utilise befæstan

befold v. envelop befealdan

befrining n. inquiry befrinung

begang n. course, circuit begang

behideness n. concealment behydnes

beholdness n. observation behealdnes

beshow v. exhibit, demonstrate, display besceawian

beshower n. exhibitor, demonstrator, guide besceawere

beshowing n. demonstration, exhibition besceawung

beshowingly a. demonstratively besceawiendlic

borrowsorrow n. loaning/ security trouble borg sorg

borrowbreach n. failure to repay loan/ surety borgbryce

boundness n. obligation bundennes

brotherslaying n. fratricide broðerslege

busen n. (said like business) example bisen

eady a. prosperous, fortunate, happy eadig

eadily adv. fortunately, prosperously eadilic

eadiness n. prosperity, fortune eadignes

eady v. to make fortunate eadigan

earm a. poor, destitute, miserable earm

earmhearted compassionate armheorted [ME]

eftkenedness n. regeneration eftacennednes

eftmind v. remember eftgemyndgian

eftmindy remembering eftgemyndig

eftnewing n. restoration eftniwung

eftthinging n. reconciliation eftðingung

engoughful a. abundant genyhtful

enoughly adv. abundantly genyhtlice

enoughsome a. abundant, satisfactory genyhtsum

enoughsomeness n. sufficiency, abundance genyhtsumnis

evest n. envy æfest

evest' v. ' to envy æfestian

evestful a. envious æfestful

evesty a. envious æfestig

forebody n. thorax, chest foranbodig

forebusy v. preoccupy forebisegian

forechoose v. pre-select foreceosan

forecome v. block, prevent move/ action, prevent forecuman

foredeem v. prejudge foredeman

foregang v. precede foregangan

foreganger n. predecessor foregenga

foregearing n. preparation foregearwung

forego v. precede foregan

forelook v. preview forelocan

forhave v. restrain, abstain forhabban

forh'a'vedness n. abstinence, restraint, temperance, forhæfednes

forhaveness n. abstinence, restraint forhæfnes

forhavingly adv. with restraint forhæfendlice

forheed v. ignore forheden [ME]

forthfare v. depart forðfaran

frith n. peace frið

frithbreach n. breach of the peace friðbræc

frithsome a. pacific, peaceable friðsum

frithwrit n. peace agreement, treaty friðgewrit

hearsome a. obedient, attentive hiersum

hearsome v. to obey hiersumian

hearsomely adv. obediently, attentively hiersumlic

hearsomeness n. obedience, attentiveness hiersumnes

hild n. war, combat hild

hildrush n. attack, charge hilderæs

hinderling n. conspirator, betrayer hinderling

hinderness n. restraint, hindrance hindernes

nethergo v. descend niðergan

nethering n. abasement, condemnation niðerung

netherly a. inferior niðerlic

netherness n. inferiority niðernes

netherward adv. (from Eng. nether = lower) niðerweard

ore v. to honour, respect, favour arian

orefast a. respected, honest arfæst

orefastly adv. respectfully, honestly arfæstlic

orefastness n. respect, honesty arfæstnes

oreless a. dishonourable arleas

orelessness n. dishonour arleasnes

orereadness n. condition arædnes

oreworthily adv. honourably arweorðlic

oreworthness n. honour arweorðnes

oreworth a. honourable arweorð

oreworthyful a. right honourable arweorðful

oring n. honour, respect, reverence arung

oughting n. duty, requirement eahtung

ourlandish a. of our country, native urelandisc

selfdom n. independence selfdom

selfwealdly adv. arbitrarily selfwealdlice

selfwilling a. voluntary selfwillende

selfwillingly adv. voluntarily, arbitrarily selfwillendlice

setness n. institute, institution, position, construction, foundation

setnes, asetnes

swith adv. very, exceedingly, severely swiðe

swither more excessive swiðra

swithliness n. intensity, severity, excess swiðlicnes

swithly a. intense, excessive, severe swiðlic

swithness n. intensity, severity, excess swiðnes

throughdrench v. saturate ðurhdrencan

throughfasten v. transfix ðurhfæstnian

throughgo v. penetrate ðurhgan

throughholed a. pierced, holed þurhholod

throughlooking n. perusal, review, summary ðurhlocung

throughsee v. examine, study, scrutinise ðurhseon

throughseek v. inquire, research ðurhsecan

unfulfremed a. incomplete, imperfect unfulfremed

unfulfremedness n. incompleteness, imperfection unfulfremednes

unfulfreming n. incompletion, imperfection unfulfremming

unthild n. impatience ungeðyld

unthildiness n. impatience ungeðyld

unthildly adv. impatiently ungeðyldelice

unthildily adv. impatiently ungeðyldelice

unthildy a. impatient un(ge)ðyldig

untholing intolerable, not enduring on-þolyinde [ME]

untholingly adv. intolerably unðoligendlic

witherward a. contrary, adverse wiðerweard

witherwardly adv. contrarily, adversely wiðerweardlic

witherwardness n. opposition, adversity wiðerweardnes

withlead v. abduct wiðlædan

withleadness n. abduction wiðlædnes

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