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Interpretatio germanica is the practice by the Germanic peoples of identifying Greco-Roman gods with the names of Germanic deities. According to Rudolf Simek, this occurred around the 1st century of the common era, when both cultures came into closer contact. Some evidence for interpretatio germanica exists in the Germanic translations of the Roman names for the days of the week. Rudolf Simek emphasizes the paucity of evidence and notes that comparison with Roman gods is insufficient to reconstruct ancient Germanic gods and equate them definitively with those of later Norse mythology.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • NHG = New High German
  • Du. = Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.

On Gods Edit

Woden

English Class Anglish (Attested) Anglish (Unattested)
Æsir pn - Oses (<OE ōs, cf. Oswald)
Anhangá pn - Rudlandish Hell
Anubis pn - Egiptish Balder
Aphrodite pn Frodlandish Fry -
Apollo pn - Romish/Frodlandish Balder
Aurora pn Romish Easter -
Bacchus pn Romish Ingwine -
Baldr pn Balder -
Bastet pn - Egiptish Gevion
Bragi pn Bray -
Ceuci pn - Rudlandish Lady Mary
Dionysus pn Frodlandish Ingwine -
Eos pn Frodlandish Easter -
Forseti pn Vorset, Foresitter =
Frejya pn Frey -
Freyr pn Frea -
Frigga pn Fry -
Guaraci pn - Rudlandish Sun
Hades pn Frodlandish Hell -
Hathor pn - Egiptish Frey
Helios pn Frodlandish Sun -
Heimdallr pn Hamdal -
Hera pn Frodlandish Frey -
Hermóðr pn Hermod -
Horus pn - Egiptish Thunder, Thur
Höðr pn Hod -
Hœnir pn Honner -
Huitzilopochtli pn - Moonsnavelish Sun
Isis pn - Egiptish Woden, Wedne
Jaci pn - Rudlandish Moon
Juno pn Romish Frey -
Jupiter pn Romish Thunder, Thur -
Logi pn - Loy
Loki pn - Loke
Luna pn Romish Moon -
Mars pn Romish Tue -
Magni pn Main -
Máni pn Moon -
Mercury pn Romish Woden, Wedne (pr. wen) -
Metztli pn - Moonsnavelish Moon
Mixcoatl pn - Moonsnavelish Tue
Móði pn Mode -
Nephthys pn - Egiptish Hell
Neptune pn Romish Nearth, Wade -
Nike pn Frodlandish Reth -
Njörðr pn Nord -
Osiris pn - Egiptish Hilder
Óðinn pn Woden, Wedne (pr. wen) -
Olympians pn The Twelve Frodlandish/Romish Gods -
Pluto pn Romish Hell -
Quetzalcoatl pn - Moonsnavelish Nord
Ra pn - Egiptish Sun
Saturn pn Romish Sib -
Sekhmet pn - Egiptish Tue
Selene pn Frodlandish Moon -
Set pn - Egiptish Loke
Sol pn Romish Sun -
Sumé pn - Rudlandish Fry, Frey
Tezcatlipoca pn - Moonsnavelish Woden, Wedne (pr. wen)
Thoth pn - Egiptish Moon
Tlaloc pn - Moonsnavelish Thunder, Thur
Tupã pn - Rudlandish Thunder, Rudlandish Thur
Týr pn Tue -
Ullr pn Wulder -
Uranus pn Romish Ing -
Váli pn Wole, Wool -
Vanir pn - Wanes
pn Wee -
Venus pn Romish Fry -
Victoria pn Romish Reth -
Vili pn Will -
Víðarr pn Widder -
Volcan pn Romish Loy -
Zeus pn Frodlandish Thunder, Frodlandish Thur -

On Happenings Edit

English Class Anglish (Attested) Anglish (Unattested)
Fimbulvetr n - -
Hjaðningavíg n - -
Ragnarök n - Reinrake (<OE regn, + OE racu)

On Ords Edit

English Class Anglish (Attested) Anglish (Unattested)
Alfheim n - Elfland, Elfham
Bifröst n - Bive-rest, Biverest, Bivrest
Folkvangr n - Folkswong
Ginnungagap n - -
Hel n underworld, hell -
Hvergelmir n - -
Jötunheimr n - Ettinham
Ljosalfheim n - Light-Elf Land, Lightelfham
Midgard n Middle-earth Midyard
Mímisbrunnr n - -
Múspellsheimr n - -
Niðavellir n - -
Niflheim n - -
Thrudvang n - Thrithwong
Urðarbrunnr n - -
Valhalla n - Walhall (<ME wal, + hall)
Vanaheimr n - Waneham
Vígríðr n - Wyeride
Ydalir n Yewdale, Udale -
Yggdrasil n World Tree Eytreesile (<ON Yggdrasil)

On Things Edit

English Class Anglish (Attested) Anglish (Unattested)
Gjallarhorn n Yellinghorn -

On Wights Edit

English Class Anglish (Attested) Anglish (Unattested)
Valkyrie n - Walkury (<ME walkyrie)