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The Anglish Moot

List of Wights

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Wights are those living things that English would call animals. Below is a set of lists showing the different wights and their names in Anglish. They are organized by the larger group to which they belong, such as birds and fish. Not all wights are listed below, but the list holds both those whose existing name is Anglish, and those whose name needs to be overset.


BirdsEdit

English Binomial name Anglish
bird-of-paradise family Paradisaeidae bird-of-heaven; bird-of-neorxnawang; bird-of-nerxenwong
blue jay Cyanocitta cristata blue hier (<OE higera)
buzzard - mousehawk (<OE mūshāfoc)
cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis (tufted) redbird
cassowary genus Casuarius helmedrunner (cf. NHG helmkasuar)
cockatoo family Cacatuidae combed chatterbird
comorant genus Phalacrocorax shrab (<OE scræb)
curlew genus Numenius whaup
dodo Raphus cucullatus churmasgoose; churchmass goose (cf. Du. kermisgans)

wealfowl; sickfowl (cf. Du. walgvogel)

eagle - erne
elephant bird order Aepyornithidae elpendbird
emu Dromaius novaehollandiae drylandrunner
flamingo family Phoenicopteridae firefeather (greek calque)
gull Larus canus mew
kakapo Strigops habroptilus owl chatterbird
kea Nestor notabilis bergh chatterbird
kestrel Falco tinnunculus windhover
kiwi genus Apteryx snipestrutter (cf. NHG schnepfenstrauße)
kookaburra genus Dacelo hunter kingfisher (cf. NHG jägerliest)
lyrebird genus Menura mockingfowl
macaw tribe Arini great chatterbird
moa order Dinornithiformes ettinfowl
ostrich genus Struthio strutter (cf. OE strýta)
parakeet certain species of order Psittaciformes little chatterbird
parrot order Psittaciformes chatterbird
partridge subfamily Percinidae winebeamhen (cf. NHG rebhuhn)
pelican genus Pelecanus dovedop (<OE dūfedoppa)
penguin family Spheniscidae southauk, swimbird, southern auk, great [white-headed] auk
pheasant family Phasianinae wildhen (<OE wōrhana;wildhænn)
pigeon Columbia livia domestica dove
ratite infraclass Palaeognathae runfowl (cf. Du. Loopvogel)
rhea genus Rhea groundrunner
robin Erithacus rubecula ruddock
toucan family Rhamphastidae peppereater (cf. Sw. pepparätare)
turkey Meleagris spp. trootbird (calque of NHD Truthahn, "Trut" being of imitative origin)


Creepdeer (Reptiles)Edit

English Binomial name Anglish
albertosaurus genus Albertosaurus albertswight
allosaurus genus Allosaurus otherwight
anaconda genus Eunectes easnake
ankylosaurus genus Ankylosaurus meldedwight
apatosaurus genus Apatosaurus swikefulwight
argentinosaurus genus Argentinosaurus silverlandwight
basilisk genus Basiliscus waterstrider
boa constrictor Boa constrictor wrapsnake
brachiosaurus genus Brachiosaurus armwight
brontosaurus (recently

reclassified as a

separate species)

genus Brontosaurus thunderwight
camptosaurus genus Camptosaurus bentwight
carnotaurus genus Carnotaurus meatbullwight
caudipteryx genus Caudipteryx tailfeatherwight
centrosaurus genus Centrosaurus prickwight
cobra genus Naja hoodsnake
coelophysis genus Coelophysis hollowshape
compsognathus genus Compsognathus rekenjaw
crocodile family Crocodylidae nix
dakotaraptor genus Dakotaraptor knifelandreacker
deinonychus genus Deinonychus dreadclaw
deinosuchus genus Deinosuchus dreadnix
dilophosaurus genus Dilophosaurus twicombwight
dimetrodon genus Dimetrodon sailathex; saileft; twitoothrow (calque)
dimorphodon genus Dimorpohodon twitoothshape
dinosaur clade Dinosauria dreadwight, bulkwight, forebird, dreadathex (calque)
diplodocus genus Diplodocus twibeamwight
dromaeosaurus genus Dromaeosaurus runningwight
edmontosaurus genus Edmontosaurus edmondswight
frill-necked lizard Chlamydosaurus kingii frillneckathex
gallimimus genus Gallimimus chickenandwrite
giganotosaurus genus Giganotosaurus greatsouthwight
giraffatitan genus Giraffatitan reachneckundergod
gliding lizard genus Draco glidathex; glideft
herrerasaurus genus Herrerasaurus herreraswight
iguana family Iguanidae combathex; combeft (cf. Du. kamhagedis)
iguanodon genus Iguanodon combathextooth; combefttooth
kentrosaurus genus Kentrosaurus pricklewight
Komodo dragon Varanus komodoensis landnix (calque of native buaya darat)
lambeosaurus genus Lambeosaurus lambeswight
lizard suborder Lacertilia athex (<OE áðexe), eft (<OE efte, efeta)
megalosaurus genus Megalosaurus greatwight
microraptor genus Microraptor littlereacker
monitor lizard genus Varanus watchathex; watcheft
pachycephalosaurus genus Pachycephalosaurus thickheadwight
parasaurolophus genus Parasaurolophus bycombwight
plesiosaurus genus Plesiosaurus nearathex; nearathexwight
plateosaurus genus Plateosaurus broadwight
pteranodon genus Pteranodon wingtooth
pterodactyl; pterosaur order Pterosauria wingfinger (calque); wingwight (partial calque)
python genus Python tiesnake
sarcosuchus genus Sarcosuchus fleshnix
sauropod clade Sauropoda wightfoot
spinosaurus genus Spinosaurus sailwight; backbonewight (calque)
stegosaurus genus Stegosaurus roofwight (partial calque)
styracosaurus genus Styracosaurus thornwight
tanystropheus genus Tanystropheus longneckbone
therizinosaurus genus Therizinosaurus sythewight
theropod clade Theropoda deerfoot
titanoboa genus Titanoboa undergodwrapsnake
titanosaurus genus Titanosaurus undergodwight
triceratops genus Triceratops thrihornneb
tuatara genus Sphenodon bridgeathex; bridgeft
tupandactylus genus Tupandactylus thorwing; thorfinger (calque)
turtle/tortoise family Testudinidae

shieldpaddock (cf. Du. schildpadde)

rover (contr. of 'roofer' or 'roofpod', akin to stegosaurus, meaning 'roofed lizard')

turtle/sea turtle superfamily Chelonioidea shieldback
tyrannosaurus genus Tyrannosaurus tharlrederwight (partial calque)
utahraptor genus Utahraptor highfolkreacker
velociraptor genus Velociraptor quickreacker/cwickreacker
yi qi Yi Qi weirdwing


FishEdit

English Binomial name Anglish
burbot Lota lota alepout (<OE ælepūte)
coelacanth order Coelacanthiformes quistfin; cwistfin
flounder suborder Pleuronectoidei fluke
flukefish (to differentiate from a flukeworm)
lionfish;

zebrafish

genus Pterois butterfly-cod
manta ray genus Manta mantlerigh
mullet family Mugilidae hake (<OE hacod)
parrotfish family Scaridae chatterbirdfish
perch genus Perca barse (<OE bærs)
piranha Characidae spp. cutterfish (calque of Old Tupi pira nya)
ray superorder Batoidea righ (<OE reohhe)
regal blue tang Paracanthurus hepatus king's blue tang/healerfish
salmon Salmo salar lax
shark superorder Selachimorpha haye
trout subfamily Salmoninae forn, shoat

Lurrows (Amphibians)Edit

English Binomial name Anglish
axolotl Ambystoma mexicanum moonsnavelish walkingfish

moonsnavelish taillurrow

caecilian order Apoda creeplurrow (cf. NHG schleichenlurche)
koolasuchus Koolasuchus cleelandi koolsnix (calque)

taillurrownix

nixlurrow

salamander order Urodela taillurrow (cf. NHG schwanzlurche)

Suckledeer (Mammals)Edit

English Binomial name Anglish
aardvark Orycteropus afer earthswine
addax Addax nasomaculatus whitebuck; screwhornbuck
amazon river dolphin, boto Inia geoffrensis pink eatumbler
andrewsarchus genus Andrewsarchus andrewsleader
antelope - buck (cf. Arf. bok)
ape superfamily Hominoidea manape
arctic wolf Canis lupus arctos snowwolf
armadillo order Cingulata shieldling
baboon genus Papio dog-ape
badger Meles meles brock
bandicoot order Peramelemorphia pungshrew
basilosaurus genus Basilosaurus kingwhale (unwhole, more swotle calque)

kingathex (calque)

beluga Delphinapterus leucas white whale/whitewhale; melonhead
bilby genus Macrotis bunny-pungshrew
binturong Arctictis binturong bearcat
bison Bison bison Americkish Wisent, wesend (<OE, cf. OHG wisunt, ON visundr)
black bear, asian

Ursus thibetanus

Selenarctos thibetanus

moon bear
bonobo Pan paniscus dwarf-mockman
bontebok Damaliscus pygargus mottlegoat (cf. Du. bontebok)
buffalo - southrother
camel Camelus spp. olvend (<OE olfend), drylander
capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris waterswine (cf. NHG wasserschwein)

grasslord (calque of Guarani kapiÿva)

caribou Rangifer tarandus reindeer
carnivora order Carnivora reavedeer (cf. Du. roofdier)
cattle Bos taurus steer, rotherfee (cf. Du. rundvee)
cetacean infraorder Cetacea whaledeer, whalefish (cf. Du. walvis; NHG wale)
chamois Rupicapra rupicapra gems (singular, pl. gemses/gemsen) (cf. Du. gems; NHG gämse)
chimpanzee Pan troglodytes mockman (calque of Tshiluba kivili-chimpenze)
chinchilla genus Chinchilla mousebunny
chipmunk Tamius striatus ground aquern/ground acwern, striped aquern/striped acwern
coati genus Nasua and Nasuella nosebear (cf. NHG nasenbär)
colugo family Cynocephalidae ettinglider (cf. NHG riesengleiter)
cougar Puma concolor berghlew

bergh manepuss

dolphin Delphinus delphis

tumbler (c.f. NHG: Tümmler)

seapig, seawolf, werewhale

dormouse family Gliridae sisemouse (<OE sisemūs) (comes from Latin dormire, "to sleep", not door + mouse)
deer family Cervidae hart (<OE heorot)
echidna family Tachyglossidae thorny anteater (cf. Eng. spiny anteater)
elephant family Elephantidae elp, elpend (<OE elpend)
gazelle genus Gazella heldbuck
gemsbok Oryx gazella gemsbuck (cf. Du. gemsbok)
giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla ant bear; antbear; ettin anteater
giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca catbear; great catbear
giraffe family giraffidae reachneck
gorilla family hominidae brawn ape
grizzly bear Ursus arctos graybear; greybear

silvertip bear

guinea pig Cavia porcellus sackrat-bunny (calque of Nahuatl tozantochtli)
hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius eahorse (cf. NHG flusspferd)

knucker (<OE nicor)

howler monkey genus Alouatta howlape
hyena family Hyaenidae laughdog; laughwolf
ibex genus Capra stonebuck (cf. NHG steinbock; Du. steenbock)
indri Indri indri boyfather (calque of Malagasy babakoto)
jaguar Panthera onca mottlecat, mottlelew
kangaroo subgenus Macropus and Osphranter leapdear
kinkajou Potos flavus honey bear/honeybear (warning: may be confused with sun bear and sloth bear)

rolltailbear (cf. Du. rolstaartbeer)

wrapbear (cf. NHG wickelbär)

koala Phascolarctos cinereus pungbear
lemur suborder Strepsirrhini nightghost
cat family Felidae puss
leopard Panthera pardus spotted lew, spotlew
lion Panthera leo manepuss
lew (cf. NHG Löwe)
manelew
leow (OE leo)
lion tamarin genus Leontopithecus lewape
llama Lama glama sheepolvend (cf. Du. schaapkameel)
macrauchenia genus Macrauchenia longsheepolvend (calque); slurfreachneck (trunk giraffe)
mammoth genus Mammuthus furelpend (calque of Ic. loðfíll and Far. loðfílur); shaggy-elpend
mandrill Mandrillus sphinx manthrill
markhor Capra falconeri shrowhorngoat (cf. Du. schroefhoorngeit)shrowgoat (cf. NHG schraubenziege)
marsupial infraclass Marsupialia pungdeer
marten genus Martes mearth (<OE mearþ, originally meaning shrew)
mastiff (dog) Canis lupus familiaris rythe (<OE ryðða)
megatherium;

giant ground sloth

genus Megatherium greatdeer (calque); greatsloth, great ground sloth
monkey - tailape
moose Alces alces Americkish elk
narwhal Monodon monoceros lichwhale
vervet monkey Chlorocebus pygerythrus southern green seacat
Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana pungrat
okapi Okapia johnstoni woodreachneck (cf. NHG Waldgiraffe)
olingo genus Bassaricyon thinbear (cf. Du. skankbeer)

apebear (cf. NHG makibär)

olinguito Bassaricyon neblina kitty bear/kittibear

little thinbear; little apebear (calque)

orangutan genus Pongo rutherwere
orca Orcinus Orca killer whale (misleading/unswotle)

killer tumbler; killer mareswine; killer seapig

swordwhale (cf. NHG schwertwal; Du. zwaardwalvis)

pangolin family Manidae shaledeer
pilosa order Pilosa toothearm (cf. NHG zahnarme)
platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus billdeer (calque of NHG schnabeltier)

flatfoot (calque of Greek platypus)

birdneb (calque of Latin ornithorhynchus)

pocket gopher Geomyidae spp. sackrat (calque of NHG Taschenratte)
polar bear Ursus maritimus snowbear
porcupine Hystricidae and Erethizontidae prickleswine (cf. Du. stekelvarken)
porpoise family Phocoenidae mereswine
primate order Primates hiredeer (cf. NHG Herrentier)
quagga Equus quagga quagga bystripehorse (prefix "by-" means "almost")
quoll genus Dasyurus pungcat
raccoon Procyon lotor washbear
red panda Ailurus fulgens firefox, red catbear
saber-toothed tiger

sabre-toothed tiger

- sword-toothed lew;(calque); knifetooth; knifetoothlew
sea lion subfamily Otariinae sea lew/sealew
serval Leptailurus serval fussbushcat (cf. Afr. tierboskat)
skunk family Mephitidae stinkdeer (cf. Du. stinkdier), stinkbrock, stink-cat, hencat, addlefox
snow leopard Panthera uncia snowlew
sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus potwhale (cf. NHG pottwal; Du. potvis)
springbok Antidorcas marsupialis springbuck
spider monkey genus Ateles spiderape
squirrel family Sciuridae aquern/acwern (<OE acweorna)
squirrel monkey genus Saimiri aquernape/acwernape
sugar glider Petaurus breviceps sweetglider
tamandua genus Tamandua woodanteater (cf. Du. boommiereneter)
tamarin genus Saguinus kempape (kemp = moustache)
tapir genus Tapirus slurfswine (cf. Du. slurf; Fris. sloarf + swine)
tasmanian devil Sarcophilus harrisii tasmanland fiend, tasmanland dog, pungdog
thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus tasmanland wolf, pungwolf, stripewolf
(bengal) tiger Panthera tigris (sunnaland) stripecat
wallaby a bit of family Macropodidae dwarf-leapdeer
walrus Odobenus rosmarus whalehorse (cf. Dan. hvalros)
warrah Dusicyon australis Falkland Islands wolf; Falkland Islands fox; Falkland Islands dog; Southland wolf
wildebeest genus Connochaetes wildwight
wombat family Vombatidae pungbrock (early colonizers referred to wombats as badgers)
wolverine Gulo gulo fellcat (cf. NHG vielfraß<ON fjellfräs) quickhatch, stinkbear (cf. Eng. skunkbear)
xenarthra superorder Xenarthra nighlinkdeer (cf. NHG Nebengelenktier)
zebra subgenus Hippotigris and
Dolichohippus
stripehorse

Ridgeless (Invertebrates)Edit

English Binomial name Anglish
arthropod phylum Arthropoda lithfoot (cf. NHG Gliederfüße)
butterfly suborder Rhopalocera fifold (<OE fifalde) (butter comes from OE butere, coming from PGer. *buterǭ, from Latin būtȳrum)
caterpillar order Lepidoptera (larva) cawlworm (<OE cawelwyrm); leafworm (<OE lēafwyrm); malesheaf (<OE mælsceafa)
centipede class Chilopoda thousandfoot (cf. Du. duizendpoot; NHG Tausendfüße)
cockroach order Blattodea shab (cf. NHG Schabe)
cricket family Gryllidae fiddlebug, fiddlewig, midgefiddler
insect class Insecta bug
midge (<OE mygg, mycg)
widge, wig (<OE wicga, cf. earwig)
jerusalem cricket genus Stenopelmatus earth suckling
millipede class Diplopoda mickleredfoot (cf. Du. miljoenpoot)
mosquito family Culicidae stickmidge (cf. Du. stikmyg; NHG Stechmücke)
octopus order Octopoda armfish

crookfish; crankfish (cf. NHG Kraken)

sea urchin class Echinoidea sea hedgehog
tarantula family Theraphosidae birdspider (cf. Du. Vogelspinne; NHG Vogelspinne)
termite infraorder Isoptera wood ant; white ant (both from early English)
trilobite class Trilobita thrilap (calque)

threebitbug

virus - atter

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