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List of Old English Words in the OED/SA

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Old EnglishnEnglish
Sac nOE: dispute, case at law, litigation, crime; see "Sake". Certain right or privelege of jurisdiction which formerly by custom belonged to the lord of the manor which gave him the power of holding court, trying cases and imposing fines, as were specified (along with others) and included in the grant of a manor by the crown. NB see: "Sac and Soke."
Sac nThe punishment of drowning in a sack (used in ancient Rome for the crime of parricide). 3. "sack and seam": pack-horse traffic. 4. a large or small bag. 5. used as a measure (amount contained in a bag) for corn, fruit, wool, coal etc.
Sack nDismissal from work or employment: give the sack to. 2. "to hold the sack" -- expression meaning: saddled with unwelcome responsibility." 3. " to buy a cat in a sack": to buy something without inspecting it.
Sack adj" In sack and ashes": full of bitter regret and shame."
Sackcloth nA coarse textile fabric (now of flax or hemp) used chiefly in the making of bags or sacks and the wrapping of bales etc., sacking. 2. as the materail for penitental or mourning clothes. "Sackclothed" -- clad in a sack.
Sackful nAs much as would fit in a sack, a great quantity, a large amount
Sackless adjLate OE: sacless --- secure from accusation, or dispute. 2. unchallenged; unmolested. 3. not guilty, innocent of wrong intent, having guilt or sack inflicted upon without just cause, guileless, simple. 4. of things: harmless. Hence, feeble-minded, lacking energy, dispirited.
Sackpipe nThe bagpipes, the pibroch, the pipes.
Sad adjOf personal immaterial things, satiated, having one's fill, sated, weary, tired. 2. In OE: settled, firmly established in purpose and condition, steadfast, firm, consistent. 3. strong, capable of resisting, valiant. 4. orderly and regular in life; trustwothy in character and judgement, grave, serious, sorrowful. 5. of looks and appearance: dignified, grave, serious. 6. profoundly or solidly learned. 7. of thought and consideration: mature, serious, in sad earnest. 8. of persons, their feelings or dispositon: serious, mournful, sad-eyed, sad-hearted. 9. of looks, tones, gestures, costume: expressive of sorrow. 10. of time, place, action: characterised by sorrow, sorrowful. 11. morose, dismal-looking; sad-looking, sad-seeming, causing sorrow, distressing, calamitious, lamentable.. 12. deplorably bad, as a term of depreciation on censure. 13. of material objects: solid, dense, compact, heavy. 14. of liquids: firm, thick. 15. of soil: stiff, heavy. 16. of bread, pastry: unrisen, heavy, not properly baked. 17. of a number of person formimg a compact body. 18. of colour: dark-coloured, deep, not cheerful or bright, dull, sober, neutral. 19. of sleep: sound, deep. 20. of a blow: heavy, strong, vigorous. 21. of fire: violent, fierce, intense.
Sad vbTo make solid, thick, firm, compressed. 2. to become steadfast, to establish, to confirm. 3. to darken a colour. 4. to make sorrowful, dull or gloomy.
Sadded ppConfirmed, strengthen, made sorrowful.
Sadden vbTo make solid, firm or stiff; to render into a compact mass, to make coherent. 2. to make sad, and gloomy.
Saddening nThe action of making sad or sadding
Saddish adjSomewhat sad.
Saddle nA seat for a rider to be used on the back of a horse.
Saddle vbTo put a riding saddle on a horse. 2. to charge or load with a burden; to put a burden on another's back.
Saddle phr"Don't try and saddle me up (or with) with that." -- to force acceptance. 2. to force (someone or something) unwanted. 3. "To saddle up." - to be prepared to do something.
Saddler nOne who makes saddles and other equipment of sadlery used in horse-riding.
Sade vbTo become or to make weary.
Sadness nThe state or condition of being sad.
Sad-tree nThe framework which forms the foundation of a saddle. 2. the North American tulip tree, "Liriodendrum tulipfera". 2. The Night Jasmine of India, ( The Melancholy tree), "Nyctanthes arbor-tristus."
Said pplNamed or mentioned before, as in "abovesaid, aforesaid" 2. spoken, uttered; in phrase, said saw.
Sail nA piece of canvas attached to a mast of a vessel to secure its propulsion by wind. 2. a trip or passage in sailing vessel. 3. a sailing vessel or craft. 4. sails collectively. 5. the wings of a bird or the broad part of the arm of a windmill.
SailvbTo set sail on a voyage, to begin a voyage 2. to travel over water by ship or boat. 3. to move across the water by the action of the wind on the sails. 4. to move, glide, or float in the air, soar. 5. to proceed boldly in action. 6. to move in a steady, dignified manner; move haughtily. 7. " to sail into" : to move with energy; attack with violence.
Sail phr"To sail into."-- to cause or be prepared to enter a place, or (fig), some situation. 2. to enter or begin something in a proud or active manner. 3. to go about something actively. 4. to scold, chide, lambaste.
Sail phr"To sail through." - to deal with something successfully.
Sailing nA voyage by sea.
Sailor nSeaman, mariner, seafarer, old-salt.
Sailorship nThe act and craft of a sailor, mariner etc.
Sain vbTo make the sign of the Cross on (a person or thing) in token of consecration or blessing, or in exorcising a demon, warding of evil spirits, witches, poison. 2. to cross oneself, to bless. 3. to secure by prayer, enchantment from evil influence.
Sain nThe action of making the sign of the Cross. 2. consecration, blessing, saining.
Sake nSee "Sac, Sak." "Sake" only used in modern English --- for the sake of. It has not been found in OE (Probably from ON.) It existed in OHG. and OFrisian. and may have been in in OE., but not found in Literature, and seems to have arisen from the use of the noun to denote a litigant, cause or a cause. 2 an affair, matter, thing, cause, reason. 2. lawsuit, action of law. 3. quarrel, fight, enmity
Sake n1: a reason for wanting something done; "for your sake"; "for the children's sake 2. in the common interest of or for the sake of. 3: the purpose of achieving or obtaining; "for the sake of argument.
Sakful adjOE. "Sacu." Contentious, quarrelsome, culpable, criminal.
Sale nThe action or act of selling. 2. the putting up of goods to be sold. 3. the sale of goods at a lower price
Sallow nApplied to several species of Salix, Sallows or Willows
Sallow adjOf the skin or complexion, a sickly yellow, sallowish, sallowy or brownish-yellow in colour.
Sallow vbTo make or become sallow, sallowish, sallowy, sickly or brownish-yellow in colour.
Sallowness nThe state or condition of being sallow or sallowy.
Salt nA tract of salty land or marshes flooded by the sea. 2.
Salt vbTo impregnate with salt. 2. to cure, preserve, season with salt; salting
Salt adjApplied to tears and humours.
Salt phr"He is not Worth the Salt in Your Tears" - he is no good, untrustworthy; forget him/her for she/he will only bring you grief.
Salt phr"To Salt away." - to preserve food from decaying by curing with salt. 2. (fig) - to save money or goods etc.for hard time or times of hardship.
Salt phr"To salt with." - to make something more lively or interesting by some addition, as in making a story more interesting by "salting" it with violence and sex.
Salt-cote nA Saltworks, Saltern.
Saltern nA building in which salt is made by boiling or evaporation; a Saltworks, also a plot of land, laid out in pools and walls in which water is let in an then allowed to evaporate naturally.
Salter nOne who deals in or manufactures salt. 2. a workman at a Saltern. 3. one who salts meat or fish for sale. 4. one who salts bodies for embalming.
Saltish adjImpregnate for preserving with salt.
Salt-silver nA penny, money paid to the Lord by the tenants; to be excused for the service of carrying is salt from the market to his landlord.
Saltstone nRock-salt, a mass of Rock-salt.
Saltwort nAny plant of the genus, "Salsola. 2. Black Saltwort: Glaux maritima. 3. plant of the genus Salicornia, Salicornia herbacae: Glasswort.
Sam vbOE. samnian: to assemble. 2. to assemble persons. 3. to bring together, join in marriage, friendship, love. 4. to bring together, collect, gather. 5. to bring together the edges of a wound: to sam-together, to sam-up. 6. to join, fasten together, to amass, hoard, to fill full of. 7. to coagulate, curdle milk, cheese.
Sam adjHalf or imperfectedly as in sam quick; sam dead; sam ripe or red; sam-hale: half-whole or in poor health; sam-sodden: half cooked or half-done. 2. stupid, half-baked; 2. samel: half-burned or imperfectedly burned
Same adjSimilar in identity, like, alike. 2. closely similar or comparable in kind, quality, quantity, degree. 3. equal in amount or value. 4. unchanged in character or nature. 5. like, not different or otherwise. 6. of like kind, sort, size, nature; corresponding, similar.
Sameliness nIdentity, sameness
Samen advTogether; mutually; samenly, samely, agreeably, samenward.
Samey adjAll the samey: identical, characterised by sameness. 2. lacking in variety, monotonous. 3. sameyness.
Samenfere nA fellow traveller, associate,
Saming nA meeting, a coming together, symposium, conference, a samening.
Samtale adjAccorded, agreed, mutual,
Sand nThe action of sending; that which is sent: a message, present. 2. God's dispensation or ordinance. 3. the action of sending for; an invitation. 4. a person or body of persons sent on an errand; a messager, an envoy, a delegation. 5. an embassy, consulate. 6. a sandman; ; a ; the bed of a river or sea. 3. the shore (of a sea); land as opposed to sea. 4. sandy soil; a grain or particle of sand. 5. a bunker on a golf course. 6. sandy or desrt wastes. 7. instabilty of sand (metaphorical and similative) 8. a sandy colour. 9. " to hide one's head in the sand" : to ignore or deny unpleasant reality. 10. "to raise sand": to create a disturbance or fuss.
Sand vbSprinkle, overlay or tip sand on something. 2. to grind or polish with sand. 3. to run a ship on to a sandbank. 4. to clog up with sand.
Sandbag vbTo try to prevent rivers from flooding fields, cities etc, by packing bags filled with sand along their banks. 2. (fig) to coerce, bully, criticise, or lambaste. 4. (fig) to refrain from rising at the first opportunity in the hope of raising by a greater amount latter.
Sand-hill nA hill or bank of sand; esp a dune on the seashore.
Sanding nThe action of sanding:
Sandstone nA rock composed of consolidated sand.
Sandwort nOf several plants which grow in sandy places, of the genus: Arenaria.
Sandy adjOf the nature of sand, arenacious. 2. of a large proportion of sand.
Sank vbTo assemble, bring together, come together.
Sanking nAn assembly, forum.
Sann adjTrue: a variant of sooth.
Sap nJuice or fluid of any kind. 2. The vital juice or fluid circulating in plants. 3. moisture in stone.
Sapful adjAbounding in sap or moisture.
Sapling nA young tree, esp. a young fruit tree with trunks a few mms in diameter. 2. a young greyhound.
Sap-monger nMaker and trader of beverages. ??
Sapwort nOenanthe crocata.
Sard vbTo jape, jest, play, tricks, jeer,
Sarding vb nThe action of japing.
Sark nA garment worn against the skin; a shirt or chemise; occasionally a night-shirt --- transfig. a supplice. 2. the action of covering or wearing a sark; sarking.
Sark vbTo furnish or clothe in a sark. 2. to cover a roof with wooden boards or, sarking or sarking felt.
Sarkful adj"A sarkful of sore bones": a sore body.
Satem nThe night before Saturday: Friday night.
Saugh nA rope made of twisted sallow withies.
Saughen adjPertaining to or made of sallow. 2. (fig.): soft, weak, wanting in energy. NB: also spelt: "sauchen"
Saught nAn agreement, covenant, reconciliation. 2. agreement, freedom from strife, peace.
Saught vbTo bring peace, to become reconcile. 2.. " To be at saught." --- free from strife, at peace, to reconcile. 3. to become calm or quiet. 4. to reconcile a person.
Saughting vn.Peace, reconciliation, strife-free, saughtening.
Saughtliness nIn a state of peace, reconciliation, strifelessness. 2. in a state of agreement, calm, quietness.
Saughy adjInclined to peace, reconcile, quietness, calm.
Saw nA saying, discourse, speech, story, tale, recital. 2. a decree, command, edict, ukaze, fiat.
Saw vbTo cut, hew, slice through woods and other materials.
Sawbones nA surgeon (slang).
Sawed-off adjUndersided, below average height.
Sawdust nWood in the state of small particles, detached from a tree plant etc. in the process of sawing. 2. dust of any material produced in the process of sawing; scorbo.
Sawdusty adjAbounding in or resembling sawdust. 2. of the nature of sawdust.
Sawmill n A place where timber is produced.
Saw-wort nName given to several species of the genus "Serratula," namely: Serrutula tinctoria , Saussurea, Cardinuus arvenis.
Sax nA knife, short sword, or dagger. 2. a chopping tool used for trimming the edges of roofing slate. 3. a writing-knife: a pen.
Saxish adjSaxon, as in saxish-folk; saxish tung.
Saxon nOne of a nation or people who formerly dwelt in the northern part of Germany, and who, with other Teutonic tribes, invaded and conquered England in the fifth and sixth centuries. 2. Also used in the sense of Anglo-Saxon. 3. A native or inhabitant of modern Saxony 3. The language of the Saxons; Anglo-Saxon.
Say nWhat a person says. 2. words as compared to actions. 3. the right to voice an opinion on a matter or to influence a decision. 4. avail oneself of the opportunity of expressing one's views.
Sayer nOne who says; a professional reader; a poet, narrator.
Saying nUtterance, enunciation, recitation. 2. something commonly said; a proverb.

3. repitition of a spell, incantation.

Say-so nOn the authority; authorisation; according to the authority of that person.
Scathe nOne who works harmer, a malefactor, wretch, fiend, 2. hurt, harm, damage, physical hurt. 3. Something which wroughts injury and harm, supposingly produced from witchcraft. 4. an injury, damage or loss from which legal compensation is claimed; also cost or expenses incurred by the claiming.

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