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Staff V of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
vacancy n black hole, emptiness; bareness -
vacant adj bare; fallow, off; deadpan, numb; forgotten, forsaken toom (<OE tóm)
vacate vb empty -
vacation n break, holiday, leave -
vaccine n booster, jab -
vacuity n black hole, emptiness; bareness -
vacuum n - 1. toom (OE tōm 'empty');

2. dustsucker

vaettir n wight -
vagrancy n - eardless wandering,
vagrant n drifter, floater, wanderer eardless wanderer
vague adj fuzzy; dim unswotel
vagina n

cunt (vulgar), pussy (slang; also vulgar), womanhood (also slang)

sheath (translation of the Latin, <OE scæþ, cf. Du. Schede, NHG. Scheide), maytril
vain adj 1. cocky, high-and-mighty, snotty; 2. worthless, idle 3. empty, shallow, worthless, hollow -
vain, in phr for nothing, worthlessly, in wanhope -
valediction n goodbye, farewell, leave-taking -
valerian n all-heal -
valet n theen, steward -
valiant adj bold, doughty, fearless, stalworth -
valid adj sound, well-grounded -
valley n dale
deep, of a stream: dene
wide, grassy: slade
narrow, steep: clove
comb, deneland, earthdene,
valour n ellen -
value n worth merit: meed,
value vb worthen -
vampire n bloodsucker, shark, wolf dreigh (<OE dréag)
bloodfiend, bloodnicker
vanguard n - andward (calque)
vanir n - wanes (calque of the ON)
vanish vb melt, sink fordwine, quink,
vanity n pride, idleness idle, renk
vapour n - athom (<OE ǽðm), damp (original meaning of damp), breath
variant n sundering -
variation n - frothering
offwrixling (cf. Fr. ôfwikseling)
variegated adj rainbow; dotted manyhued
variety n kind -
various adj many, manifold, sundry, rainbow mistly (<OE mistlic)

forshed (cf. NHG verschieden)

vas deferens n - seedladder (calque)
vassal n feeman neat, younger, maythegn
vast adj great, endless -
vault of heaven n - rother (<OE rodor), heavenwhalf (<OE hofonhwealf) pl: heavenwhalve (<OE heheofonhwealfa)
n - Weoh (<ME weoh 'sacred, holy'), Way
veal n calf calf-flesh
vector n wayload -
veer vb swerve, trundle -
veil n wimple rift, helster
vegetable n green greenth (Du. groente)
vehicle n wain, craft farewain, farecraft
vein n - edder (<OE ǣdre, cf. NHG Ader)

leat, bloodburrow

velcro n - graspcloth, fangcloth
velociraptor  n - speedreaver, dashsnatcher
vendor n seller, dealer -
venesection n bloodletting -
venison n deer roeflesh (cf. NHG Rehfleisch)
venom n/vb - atter
vent n hole -
venturesome adj daring, free-swinging thriste (<OE)
veracious adj true luter (<OE hlutor)
verb n - deedword, workword (cf. Du. werkwoord)
verbal adj wordy; spoken, unwritten, word-of-mouth -
verbatim adj word-for-word, word for word as was said, wordly (NHG. wörtlich)
verbose adj long-winded -
verbosity n wordiness -
verdant n green, lush -
verge n brink, edge, threshold -
verify vb find out, look at/into -
verily adv truly, soothly, indeed, forsooth -
verity n truth. (see Truth and sooth, verity and reality) -
vernacular n unbookish, everyday speech mean speech

Umgangspeech (cf. NHG umgangssprache)

(see umgang)

vernal adj spring -
verse n - yedding (<OE geddung)

stave, staff

leethcraft (OE)

version n reading, betokening fading (<OE fadung), leaf, wend, reckoning, aspelling
versus prep against -
vertical adj standing, upright weft
vertically adv heightwise, upward(s), up and down -
vertigo n - highweariness
veruca n wart -
vervain n - ash-throat (<OE æscðrote)
very adj/adv

1. sore, sorely; way, highly; greatly, mighty, through-, ful-, for-, so,

2. much, truly, soothly, forsooth, indeed, rather, rattling, mickle, dead, fele, fell; 3. same, selfsame; 4. sheer; utter; 5. true, truly, full; 6. true; 7. rightful, lawful



very much: most (att'd <OE mǽst), well

swithe (<OE swíðe)




very fair: forfair (<OE forfæger)

very good: eregood (<OE ǽrgód), fulgood (<OE fulgód)

very guilty: throughshildy (<OE þurhscyldig)

very many: fele (<OE fela), foremany (<OE foremanig), formany (<OE formanig), full many

very much: forswithe (<OE forswíðe), fortharl (<OE forþearle), fulswithe (<OE fulswíðe), stithe (<OE stíðe), swithe (<OE swíðe), tharl (<OE þearle), yarrow (<OE gearwe)

very old: orold (<OE oreald)

very wealthy: throughspeedy (<OE þurhspédig)

vesica n bladder -
vespertilines n bat rere-mouse, rye-mouse, flitter-mouse
vessel n vat, ship -
vest n British: undershirt
American: waistcoat
-
vestibule n -

cavortown (<OE cafortūn), foreburrow (<OE foreburh), foredure (<OE foreduru), coavertown (<OE cāfortūn), inburrow (<OE inburh), wiketown (<OE wīctūn)

entrance to: infarreld (<OE infæreld), ingang (<OE)

def. 2: foredyrre (<OE), forthtie (<OE forþtīge)

def. 3: foredere (<OE foredere), forestie (<OE forestige)

vex vb nettle

teen (<OE teonian), grill (<OE grillan), dreve (<OE drefan), begrame, dreck (<OE dreccan)

vexation n feaze dreevedness (<OE drefednes), grame (<ME<OE gramian)
via conj by -
vibrate vb shiver, shudder, quiver, shake -
vicar n - speller, spelland (<OE speliend)
vicarious adj - wician, wice
viceroy n - underking (<OE undercyning)
vicinity n nearness; neighbourhood nighth
vicious adj - nithe
vicissitude n ups and downs, seesaw ebbs and flows, ebb and neap, wends and wynds, wax and wanes
victim n - tiber (<OE tíber)

armshed

victor n winner sey(wo)man
victory n win

sye (<ME siȝe<OE siġe)

video n film, short film, short, show, showing, broadcast
video CD n - white book
video game n game reckoner game, stream game
view n outlook, eyeshot, sight, insight -
view vb look, watch, see, gaze, gawk -
viewer n onlooker, witness, watcher -
vigil n wakefulness, wake, watch -
vigilance n heedness, wareness, watchfulnes rathing
vigilant adj eye-bright, wakeful, aware, wary, watchful, wide awake, wakerife, ware, sharp -
vigilante n watchman, warder, ward, keeper, overseer folkreve (<OE folcgérefa)

vigilance comittee member selfbeadle, selfsheriff

vigour n liveliness, drive -
vigorous adj hearty, rathe, lusty, driving, lively, hale, yauld rathsome (OE hræþ)
vile adj evil, wicked, loathsome -
Vili n - Will
village n wick, town, whistle-stop hemling, ham, thorpe
villain n black hat nithing (<OE niðing)
vine n - drovebeam (cf. Fr. druvebeam)
viola n - midfiddle
violate vb breach overnim, sorthe
violence n foul play threat, hest, hattleness, nid, strack, strength, swithness, unreck
violent adj stormy; dreadful; mad hest (<OE haeste), hattle, riff, tharl
grimful (<OE grimful)
violet adj - tever (<OE teafor), bawse (<OE basu)
violin n fiddle -
violoncello n - knee fiddle
virgin n maiden unswiven
virginity n maidenhood unswivenhood, famenhood
virtually adv almost, nearly, seemingly, all but -
virtue n worth, uprightness; doughtiness, heart

douth (<OE duguþ)

virtuous adj right-minded douthsome (cf. Du. deugdzaam)
virus n - weevil
visage n blee, likeness neb (<OE nebb)
viscosity n stickiness, clinginess -
viscous adj sticky, clingy, ropy -
viscum n mistletoe, balder's bane -
visible adj - seenly (<ME seheliche)
vision n sight; dream, sweven -
visionary adj farsighted, foresighted -
visit vb call upon, drop in, see fandle (<Old Frisian)

beseek (<OE bísæce, cf. NHG besuchen)

visit n - fandle

beseeking (<OE bísæce, cf. NHG Besuch)

visitor n caller, guest fandler

beseeker

vital adj flush, lusty, red-blooded; mettlesome, springy; needed; fell; key -
vitality n liveliness, beans dodrive
vocabulary n word-hoard -
vocal adj loud, outspoken -
vociferous adj outspoken, loudmouthed -
vodka n - Russlandish lifewater, firewater
voice n -

steven, ("With dreary heart and sorrowful steven ..") one of the few words to rhyme with 'heaven'  (<OE stefn)

stimm (<OE, cf. NHG Stimme) pl: stimmen (Cf. NHG Stimmen) 

reard, Sc. reird, raird (<OE reord)

leathor (<OE hlēoðor)

sweyleathor (<OE swēġhlēoðor) pl:  sweyleathru

swey (<OE swēġpl: sweyäs (<OE swēġas of thunder: thunderradestefen (<OE þunnorrādstefn) pl: thunderradestefna (<OE þunnorrādstefna)

of water: ​watersteven (<OE wæterstefn)

headwooth (<OE hēafodwōþ)

voiced adj soft, weak, flat -
voiceless adj hard, strong, sharp Stimmless

stevenless (calque)

void n/adj

n: black hole, emptiness

adj: bereft

room (<OR rūm)

toom (<OE tōm)

volcano n - fireberg, firefell
völkisch adj folkish (att'd; <OE folcisc) -
volume n book: wad
acoustics: din, loudness
physics: bulk, roommeal (cf. Ic. rúmmál), inhold (cf. Du. inhoud)
voluntary adj willing, freewilling -
volunteer n - freewill worker
vomer n - ploughshare bone
vomit vb spew, puke, throw up, hurl, retch, upchuck -
vomit n spew, puke, sick, throw-up, hurl -
vote n/vb poll, show of hands, choosing
vb: choose
 steven
vow n/vb oath, behest, pledge, troth, word behest, behight
vowel n - clipple (<OE clipol), clipend
voyage n/vb sail farfareld
vulgar adj low, filthy, ill-bred, churlish churly (<OE ceorllic)
vulpine adj foxlike -
vulture n - geir (calque), ulter

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