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Staff T of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • NHG = New High German
  • Du. = Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery beatish Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
tabernacle n - tilding (<OE geteldung)
shifthouse, worshiphut, worshipbooth
table n board; listing, spreadsheet -
taboo n/adj ban, out shunning, mithing
tacit adj unspoken, wordless, not understood -
taciturn adj tight-lipped -
tactics n how, way clashcraft; warlore.
tailor n needle-worker, outfitter thimbleman, wearshafter, seamer
tailor vb fit, put, shape -
talkative adj talksome, chatty, gabby, outspoken, long-winded eloquent: quethel (<OE cwedol)
talus bone n anklebone -
tan v brown, bark yare (<ME yaren 'to tan')
tanner n barker yarer (<ME yaren 'to tan' + -er)
Tangut n/adj -

Westsummerwrit (calque of Cn 西夏文, xīxiàwén/hsi1hsia4wen2/ŝīŝià-ŭén/ㄒㄒㄧㄚ`ˊ), n/adj: Westsummerrish

tank n pond, pool, vat

berg (<OE beorgan 'to preserve')
vehicle: blastwain, fightwain, fightfarecraft, fightfarewain, meshfightwagon (<cf. NHG panzerkampfwagon), mesh

tantalum n - whetstuff
tantrum n fit -
tardigrade n waterbear -
target n goal, mark -
task n char; errand, undertaking, job (unknown origin) upgive (up + gave <OE geafu "gift", cf. NHG Aufgabe, Du. opgave, Nw. oppgave)
taste (sense) n smack; fondness tung, cride; belikening
taste vb smack, smatch tung
tasteless adj smackless , no smack -
tautology n overbeating word-sameness (Barnes)
tattoo n - hidemark
tavern n alehouse gesthouse (cf. NHG Gasthaus)

winehouse (<OE wínhús, cf. NHG Weinhaus) beer hut (cf. NHG Bierhütte)

tax n geld gavel (<OE gafol)
taxation n theft gelding, geldnold, gavling (<OE gafol 'tribute, tax, debt')
taxidermy n stuffing stightskinning (calque)
taxman n toller bidreaper (<OE Bidrepe), gaveler, geldman
taxonomy n - stightlore
tea n - leafwos (ME wos 'juice'), leafbrew
technical adj craftly (Barnes) -
technical language n - craftspeech (<OE cræftspræc)
technically adj lorewise -
technology n - toolcraft
tedious adj dreary, leaden, humming longsome (Barnes)
'teepee'tepee

tipi

n - keggletilt
tele- pfx - far-
telegram n - wire-spell (Barnes)
telegraph n - spell-wire (Barnes)
telemarketing n - farchepstowing
telepathy n mindreading thoughtcasting
telephone n farspeaker dogbone, wirecaller, farsteaven (calque tele+phone)
teleport v - farferry
teleporter n - farferrier
telescope n sweeper, look-see farseer
television n - bairdscraft, sightcasting, farseeing (cf. NHG Fernsehen)
set: farseer (cf. NHG Fernseher), streambox, baird box, shirm (cf. NHG Schirm), farwatcher
televisual adj - sightcast
temper vb/n vb: mood
n: anneal
-
temperament n - lund (cf. Ic.)
temperate adj mild forholding (Barnes)
temperate zone n - midstrip
temperature n heat, cold, warmth mete, weatherstep, heatstep (Cf. Ar. درجة الحرارة)
tempest n storm -
tempestuous adj blood-and-guts, hammer-and-tongs, stormy thory
template n - forelay (cf. NHG vorlage)
temple n - bedehouse, worship stow, herry

body part: tending (Dan. tinding)

temporal adj timewise, timely, tidesome -
temporal adj earthborn, earthbound, freshly, worldly -
temporal bone n - tendingbone
temporary adj flash, short-lived -
tempt vb whet costen, forlead, cun, forseek (cf. NHG versuchen), fash
temptation n - costening (<OE costnung), fanding
tenacious adj dogged; clingy -
tend vb tilt towards, lean, slant, look after -
tendon n sinew -
tenebrous adj dark, gloomy, thester -
tense n - grammar: time-shape, timing (Barnes)
tense adj edgy, uptight; hairy, nail-biting -
tensor n stretcher, waybearer (telcraft) -
tent n tilt, roof fieldhouse
tentacle n feeler, feelhorn rineling (calque)
tepid adj halfhearted; lukewarm -
term n name, word, frist (a term in which a debt is to be repaid) tide; begrip (calque)
terminal adj rearmost, endmost

sickness: deadly

endbound
terminal n - endstop
terminate vb end (Barnes) -
terminology n wording (Barnes) -
terminus n end -
termite n white ant -
terracotta n - bakedearth (Italian calque)

burnt clay (cf. Ic. brenndur leir)

terrestrial adj ground-dwelling earthly; groundly
terrible adj dreadful, fearsome, frightening, ghastly; frightful; awful, rotten -
terrific adj awesome, top-shelf; awfil, nightmare -
terrify vb fright, affright  eyse (<OE egesian), afear, bray (<OE bregan)
terrifying adj eldritch
territory n land, turf ledemark (<OE leódmearc 'people's territory')
division: landdeal; hundred, hund, ward, lathe, riding, tithing
terror n hang-up; dread, fright deadly: qualmthrea (<OE cwealmþrēa) pl: qualmthreën (<OE cwealmþrēan)
terrorism n - awewhelming
test n/vb - fand(ing) (<OE fandung)
testament (will) n will ervebeek (<OE ierfebéc), ervewrit (<OE ierfegewrit)
testator n willwriter ervewritend (<OE ierfewrítend)
testicle n bollock, ball -
testimony n witness -
text n - queath (Fr. OE cwide), trat,
textbook n handbook -
textile n - thrum
texture n mouthfeel -
thatched adj - thatchen (Barnes)
theatre n - drama: woving, (w)ooving (<OE wáfung)
place: showhall, playhouse, wovingstow/(w)oovingstow (<OE wáfungstów), wovingstead/(w)oovingstead (<OE wáfingstede)
theme n - underwarp (cf. Du. onderwarp)
theology n godlore -
theory n thought, thoughtlay beholding
therapy n - behandling (cf. Dan. behandling)
thermo- pfx - heat-
thermodynamic adj - warmthworkly, heatworkly
thermodynamics n - warmthworks, heatwork
thermology n - warmthlore, heatlore
thermometer n - warmthmeter (meter = mete + er; one who metes)
thermonuclear adj - warmthkernly, heatkernly
thermostat n - warmthteller, heatteller
thesaurus n wordnet -
they/them/their

(technically not native English, but North Germanic)

pron they/them/their (no oversetting needed) he/hem/her (<OE hīe/him/hira), they/them/their (<ON)
throne n seat giftstool, giftseat (OE ġifstōl), kinestool (<OE cynestol), kinesettle (<OE cynesetl), kingleeder (<king + OE hlēda, meaning "seat"), highseat (<IS hásæti), kingseat
thug n outlaw, beater -
tibia n shank-bone, shinbone -
tiger n - stripecat
till prep - ooth (<OE ōþ)
time (this is Theedish <OE tima <Proto-Germ) n tide (Cf. G Zeit), thrawe (ME, <OE þrāg) pl: thrawen  (unattested) throw (<OE þrāg)
time of tribulation n - arveth-throw, arvethrow (<OE earfoþþrāg; c.f. ME arveþ-sīþ)
timid adj shy, meek, thewless -
tint n blee, hue -
title n name, right, sterling -
tmesis n - umgrave, incarve
TNT n - boomkeg, blastkeg, boomstick, TCWMB

(threechoke woodmead-benzene, calque of trinitrotouline/trinitro methylbenzene), TCWWB (threechoke woodwine-benzene)

toast vb thanksgiving -
toast n bread
tobacco n - smokeleaf, smokingleaf, hirst loaf
toboggan n slide, slider -
toilet n bathroom, washroom, restroom -
toilet (bowl) n - gangsettle (<OE gangsetl), washsettle
tolerate vb thole, bear, put up with thware (<OE þwarian)
tomato n

loveapple

heartapple (< OE heortæppel), goldapple (cf. NHG Goldapfel, French pomme d'or), bloodapple

tomb n grave thesterlock (<OE þéostorloca), lichrest (<OE lícrest)
topaz n - basestone (<OE baswa stán)
topic n - underthrow (cf. Du. onderwerp "subject, topic")
topography n landscape -
torch n flashlight, handlight, wisp fackle (<OE fæcele, cf. NHG Fackel) brand, glimmer
torch vb fire, light brand
torment vb/n bedevil n: hang-up

qualmness (<OE cwealmnes)

vb: aquilm (<OE ácwylmian, to be tormented)

tornado n whirlwind, whirlstorm, twister -
torpedo n tin fish (navy slang) fornaughtsend (cf. Ic. tundurskeyti)
torso n upperbody, bouk -
tortoise n - rover (contr. of 'roofer' or 'roofpod', akin to stegosaurus 'roofed lizard')

shieldback (cf. Ic. skjaldbaka)

fennich

torture vb - forpine, threst, bedevil, befiend
total n - -
total adj utter, full, all-out, full-on, overall
totalitarian(ism) adj/n - fullreding, fullriking, overiking
totally adv altogether, fully, wholly, outright, utterly, full-on
totem n hallmark eldermark, kinmark
toucan n egg-sucker peppereater (cf. Swed. pepparätare)
touch vb handle, feel, finger, rine berear (cf. NHG berühren calque of all Ger. speeches) (see rear ety. 2)
tourist n sightseer fandler
towel n cloth, handcloth, washcloth handduck (cf. Fr. Handoek, Du. Handdoek, NHG Handtuch), bedesheet (<OE beodsceat)
tower n keep, steeple -
tower vb - outwax
toxic(ity) adj/n - atter(some/ness)
toxoplasmosis n - bowmolden sickness
tracheä n - lungleat, windtharm, throatboll, windadder, weasand
track n path, way -
tractor n tug, tower tugwain
tradition n trend, folklore, folkways, oldenway, thew(s) besetness (cf. OE gesetnes)
traditional adj old-line old-stream, old-thread, thewkeeping, thewabiding, yorewise
traffic n - wayburden
tragedy n ill, knock, mishap wopleeth (<OE wopleoþ), ill-hap, woehap
tragic adj heartbreaking, unlucky, woeful -
trailblazing adj groundbreaking -
train n tow, tug -wain (old word for a wagon)
trainer n - outbilder (calque NHG. Ausbilder)
trait n tie -
traitor n backstabber lew (<OE læwa 'betrayer, traitor'), forreder (cf. NHG Verräter, Du. verrader, OE forrǽda. see rede), trustreaver
trans- pref over- (only some words) through- (NHG. durch-) (only some words)
transcend vb - oversty, overgo, overfare, outmire
transcribe vb downwrite overwrite (Du. overschrijeven) , cross-spell
transfer vb send, bring over, hand to/over, shift (Barnes) wend over, overbring 
transfigure vb/n shapeshift(ing) forwandle (cf. NHG verwandeln)
yondshape
Transfiguration (religion) n - forhallowing
transform(ation) vb shapeshift(ing) forshape/ing (<OE forscieppan)

forwandle, shapeshift, yondshape, forwend

transgress vb - overbreach (<OE oferbrecan)
transhuman n - yondwere, halfwere, halfman
transhumanism n - yondweredom, halfweredom
transit n/vb thoroughfare, faring -
transition n shift wending, switch-over, overswitch, frothering
transitional adj - wendingly, wendsome
transitive adj overfaresome (Barnes) -
transitive (grammar) adj - outreaching (Barnes)
transitory adj fleeting whilewendly (<OE hwilwendlic)
translate vb put into (Barnes), overset -
translation n oversetting
transliminal adj - mirethwarsing
transliteratetion n - umwriting (cf. Ic. umrita, NHG umschreiben)
translucent adj thurghbright, throughleaming
throughshinely (cf. Du. doorschijnend)
transmit vb spread; ship; hand over  oversend (<NHG übersenden/ Du./ Eng) 
transmission n broadcast,   oversending
transparency n - throughsightihood(ness)
transparent adj see-through; bright-line, glassy
through-seen (Barnes)
throughbright (<OE þurhbeorht)
throughshine (<OE þurhscýne), throughsighty (cf. NHG durchsichtig)
transpire vb 1. sweat
2. happen, come to happen, leak out, come out
-
transport vb ferry (from North Germanic) -
transsexual n she-man, he-lady, ladyboy, folkhalf shifter, folkhalf switcher kinswitcher
transsubstantiate vb - yondwhat, yondandwork
transubstantiation n - wistforwandering (Norw. vesensforvandling; Dan. Væsensforvandling; NHG. Wesensverwandlung)
transvestite n - thwart-dresser, otherdresser
trapezium/trapezoid n - boardshape

trapezium (bone): (greater boardbone)

trapezoid bone n - lesser boardbone
trauma n wound, aftershock -
travel vb fare (Barnes), wayfare, yondfare, lithe -
traveller n wayfarer (Barnes) -
traverse vb tread, yondfare yondshrithe (<OE geondscríðan)
treachery n - swick (<OE swic)
treason n forrede (cf. OE forrǽdan, Du. verraden, NHG verraten)
treasure n hoard, wealth hoard, dearworthness (<OE déorwyrðnes)

shat (<ME schat), yarse/yass (<OE gærsum; c.f. bass < OE bærs, arse/ass < OE ærs)

princely: drightmathem (<OE dryhtmaðm)

ancient:  earstreen (<OE ærġestrēon), eldstreen (<OE ealdġestrēon)

treasury n - gavelgild (<OE gafolgyld), feehoard (<OE feohhord) hoardern (<OE hordern) feehove (<OE feohhof) cluff (<OE clyfa)
treat vb - behandle (cf. Du. behandeling)
treatise n - offhandling (cf. NHG Abhandlung)
treatment n - behandling, tiling (<OE tilung)
treaty n truce

bargain (Barnes)

(peace): frithwrit, frithware (<OE friðuwær)

fordrawing (cf. NHG Vertrag), foreward (<OE foreweard)

tremble vb bever, shiver, quiver, shudder, shake, quake, bive
tremor n quake, quiver, shake, shudder -
trench n - gravet <OE grafet), delf, waterfurrow
trespass vb overstep offbreete (calque of Ic. af-brot; cf. OE breotan)
trespasser n guilt-doer
triangle n - threenook ?/θrɛnʊk/

threeside (cf. Du. trekant)

tribal leader n - kinelder, kinleader
tribe n kindred, stem

mathe, kneeris (<OE cnēoris)

tribulation n woe

costing (<OE costung)
onfighting (cf. NHG Anfechtung)

arwothe (<OE earwoðe)

forniddenness (<OE forgnidennes)

tribute n - gavel (<OE gafol)
tributary n brook rith, side-stream (Barnes)
triceratops n - thrihornleer (calque of Greek)
trichology n hairlore -
tricycle n - threewheeler
trick n wile sare (<OE searu)
trigonometry n threenooklore, threenooking
trilobite n - thrilap
trilogy n - thriluke (cf. Du. drieluik)
Trinidad and Tobago n - Threefold and Smokeleaf
trinity n - threeness (Barnes), threefoldness
tripartite adj threefold threedealed (<OE þridǽled)
triple n threesome -
triple vb/adj threefold (Barnes) -
triplet n threeling thryn
triquetal bone n - threenookbone
tristful adj downcast, gloomy, unblithe, unglad, wretched -
triumph n win, sig -
triumvirate n - thriwered (exact calque: trium- thri + -vir- were + -ate -ed)
trivial adj paltry ayeap, ageap (<OE ægype)
troops (army) n - sithreaden (<OE ġesiðræden)
tropical (climate) adj wethot sunwendly
tropical zone n - innerstrip, innerslice, sunwendlands
trouble vb/n

ail, illness, woe; harm's way

in trouble: on the ropes, mishap, mess

swench (<OE swencan)
troublesome adj - athrotsome (<OE aþrotsum)
truck n lorry freightwain (cf. W.Fris. frachtwein)
truncheon n cudgel, nightstick, club -
trunk n - body, bole, salk, stock, stem, shaft,
trunk n - slurf (cf. Du. slurf, W.Fris. sloarf) limbnose, armnose
try vb bid, shoot, crack, stab forseek (NHG. Versuchen, Du. verzoeken) or forseech (regarding beseech)

mint (<OE myntan)

tsunami n - andwave, greatwave, micklewave
tube n pipe
tuition n teaching leering
tulip n - houvebloom
tumor n amper (OE: ampre )
tundra n northgrass, coldgrass -
tunic n chesthelm, breasthelm -
tunnel n - burrow, crawlway, underway
turban n - houve
turbid adj cloudy, droff, overcast, murky, muddy -
turn vb wend, writhe -
turn n (my turn): next in the row -
turn against vb gainsay, withstand gainstand, gainwork (cf. NHG entgegenwirken)
turn into vb become, char forwandle
turn off vb switch off
turn on vb switch on
turn out vb crop up
turning point n watershed -
turquoise vb/n teal greenblue
turret n small keep wyehouse (<OE wíghús)
turtle n shell-paddock (rare) rover (contr. of 'roofer' or 'roofpod', akin to stegosaurus, meaning 'roofed lizard'), shieldpad (cf. W.Fr. skyldpod & Du schildpad)
tutelage n - reding
tutor n teacher, leerer -
tutu n - bumbum (French calque)
tweezers n nippers -
type n kind (Barnes), ilk -
type vb key, truckle -
typhus n - lent-addle (Barnes)
typify vb kinden, mark, inbody -
typical adj everyday token
typographer n - outlayer, runecrafter
Tyrannosaurus rex n - king tharlathex (calque of Greek+Latin)

great king athex (athex <OE āðehe: saurus)
dreadathex

tyranny n - tharlreding
tyrant n - tharlreder (<OE þearl 'severe, strict')

hardrede (cf. king Harold 3 of Norway)

leedhater (<OE lēodhata/leōdhata)  pl: leedhatren (<OE lēodhatan/leōdhatan)

tyre n - wheelring, loftband, liftband, band

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