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English Wordbook/T

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Staff T of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery beatish Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
tabernacle n - tilding (<OE geteldung)
shifthouse, worshiphut, worshipbooth
table n board; listing, spreadsheet -
taboo n/adj ban, out shunning, mithing
tacit adj unspoken, wordless, not understood -
taciturn adj tight-lipped -
tactics n how, way wyecraft
tailor n needle-worker, outfitter thimbleman, wearshafter
tailor vb fit, put, shape -
talkative adj talksome, chatty, gabby, outspoken, long-winded eloquent: quethel (<OE cwedol)
tan v brown, bark yare (<ME yaren 'to tan')
tanner n barker yarer (<ME yaren 'to tan' + -er)
Tangut n/adj -

Westsummerwrit (calque of Cn 西夏文, xīxiàwén/hsi1hsia4wen2/ŝīŝià-ŭén/ㄒㄒㄧㄚ`ˊ), n/adj: Westsummerrish

tank n pond, pool, vat

berg (<OE beorgan 'to preserve')
vehicle: blastwain, fightwain, fightfarecraft, fightfarewain, meshfightwagon (<cf. NHG panzerkampfwagon), mesh

target n goal, mark -
task n char; errand, undertaking upgive (up + gave <OE geafu "gift", cf. NHG Aufgabe, Du. opgave, Nw. oppgave)
taste (sense) n smack; fondness tung, cride; belikening
taste vb smack, smatch tung
tautology n - word-sameness (Barnes)
tattoo n - hidemark
tavern n alehouse winehouse (<OE wínhús, cf. NHG Weinhaus)

beer hut (cf. NHG Bierhütte

tax n geld gavel (<OE gafol)
taxation n - gelding, geldnold, gavling (<OE gafol 'tribute, tax, debt')
taxman n toller bidreaper (<OE Bidrepe), gaveler, geldman
taxonomy n stightlore
tea n - leafooze, leafwoose (ME wos 'juice'), leafbrew
technical adj craftly (Barnes) -
technical language n - craftspeech (<OE cræftspræc)
technically adj lorewise -
technology n - toolcraft
tedious adj dreary, leaden, humming longsome (Barnes)
telegram n - wire-spell (Barnes)
telegraph n - spell-wire (Barnes)
telepathy n mindreading thoughtcasting
telephone n farspeaker dogbone, wirecaller
teleport v - farferry
teleporter n - farferrier
telescope n - farseer
television n - bairdscraft, sightcasting, farseeing (cf. NHG Fernsehen)
set: farseer (cf. NHG Fernseher), streambox, baird box, shirm (cf. NHG Schirm)
televisual adj - sightcast
temper vb/n vb: mood
n: anneal
-
temperament n - lund (cf. Ic.)
temperate adj mild forholding (Barnes)
temperate zone n - midstrip
temperature n heat, cold, warmth mete, weatherstep
tempest n storm -
tempestuous adj blood-and-guts, hammer-and-tongs, stormy thory
temple n - bedehouse, worship stow, herry
temporal adj timewise, timely, tidesome -
temporal adj earthborn, earthbound, freshly, worldly -
temporary adj flash, short-lived -
tempt vb whet costen, forlead, cun, forseek (cf. NHG versuchen), fash
temptation n - costening (<OE costnung)
tenacious adj dogged; clingy -
tend vb tilt towards, lean, slant, look after -
tendon n sinew -
tenebrous adj dark, gloomy, thester -
tense n - time-shape, timing (Barnes)
tense adj edgy, uptight; hairy, nail-biting -
tensor n stretcher, waybearer (telcraft) -
tent n teld, roof tild/tield/teld (<OE teld, cf. NHG Zelt), fieldhouse
tepid adj halfhearted; lukewarm -
term n name, word tide; begrip (calque)
terminal adj rearmost endbound
terminate vb end (Barnes) -
terminology n wording (Barnes) -
terminus n end -
termite n white ant -
terrible adj dreadful, fearsome, frightening, ghastly; frightful; awful, rotten -
terrific adj awesome, top-shelf; awfil, nightmare -
terrify vb fright  eyse (<OE egesian)
territory n land, turf ledemark (<OE leódmearc 'people's territory')
division: landdeal; hundred, hund, ward, lathe, riding, tithing
terror n hang-up; dread, fright deadly: qualmthrea (<OE cwealmþrēa) pl: qualmthreën (<OE cwealmþrēan)
terrorism n - awewhelming
test n/vb - fand(ing) (<OE fandung)
testament (will) n will ervebeek (<OE ierfebéc), ervewrit (<OE ierfegewrit)
testator n willwriter ervewritend (<OE ierfewrítend)
testicle n bollock, ball -
testimony n witness -
text n - queath (Fr. OE cwide), trat,
textbook n handbook -
textile n - thrum
thatched adj - thatchen (Barnes)
theatre n - drama: woving, (w)ooving (<OE wáfung)
place: showhall, playhouse, wovingstow/(w)oovingstow (<OE wáfungstów), wovingstead/(w)oovingstead (<OE wáfingstede)
theme n - underwarp (cf. Du. onderwarp)
theology n godlore -
theory n thought, thoughtlay, belief, guesspell -
thesaurus n wordnet -
they/them/their

*what is this doing here? These words are germanic.

pron they/them/their (no oversetting needed) he/hem/her (<OE hīe/him/hira), they/them/their (<ON)
throne n seat, king(s)seat( not attested but logical) giftstool, giftseat (OE ġifstōl), kinestool (<OE cynestol), kinesettle (<OE cynesetl), kingleeder (<king + OE hlēda, meaning "seat")
thug n outlaw, beater -
tibia n shank-bone, shinbone -
tiger n - stripecat
till prep - ooth (<OE ōþ)
time n tide (Cf. G Zeit), thrawe (ME, <OE þrāg) pl: thrawen  (unattested) thraye (<OE þrāg) pl: thraya
time of tribulation n - arveth-throw, arvethrow (<OE earfoþþrāg; c.f. ME arveþ-sīþ)
timid adj shy, meek, thewless -
tint n blee, hue -
title n name, right, sterling -
tmesis n - umbgrave, incarve
TNT n - boomkeg, blastkeg, boomstick, TCWMB

(threechoke woodmead-benzene, calque of trinitrotouline/trinitro methylbenzene), TCWWB (threechoke woodwine-benzene)

toast vb thanksgiving -
toast n bread
tobacco n - smokeleaf, smokingleaf
toboggan n slide, slider -
toilet n bathroom, washroom, restroom -
toilet (bowl) n - gangsettle (<OE gangsetl), washsettle
tolerate vb thole, bear, put up with thware (<OE þwarian)
tomato n

loveapple

heartapple (< OE heortæppel), goldapple (cf. NHG Goldapfel, French pomme d'or), bloodapple

tomb n grave thesterlock (<OE þéostorloca), lichrest (<OE lícrest)
topic n - underwarp (cf. Du. onderwerp "subject, topic")
topography n landscape -
torch n flashlight, handlight, wisp fackel (<OE fæcele, cf. NHG Fackel) brand, glimmer
torch vb fire, light brand
torment vb/n bedevil n: hang-up

qualmness (<OE cwealmnes)

vb: aquilm (<OE ácwylmian, to be tormented)

tornado n whirlwind, whirlstorm, twister -
torso n upperbody, bouk -
tortoise n - rover (contr. of 'roofer' or 'roofpod', akin to stegosaurus 'roofed lizard')

shieldback (cf. Ic. skjaldbaka)

torture vb - forpine, threst, bedevil, befiend
total adj utter, full, all-out, full-on
total n all-tally
totalitarian(ism) adj/n - fullreding, fullriking, overiking
totally adv altogether, fully, wholly, outright, utterly, full-on -
totem n hallmark -
toucan n - peppereater (cf. Swed. pepparätare)
touch vb handle, feel, finger, rine -
tourist n sightseer fandler,
towel n cloth, handcloth, washcloth handduck (cf. Fr. Handoek, Du. Handdoek, NHG Handtuch)
tower n keep, steeple -
tower vb - outwax
toxic(ity) adj/n - atter(some/ness)
tracheä n - lungleat
track n path, way -
tractor n tug, tower tugwain
tradition n trend, folklore, folkways, oldenway, thew(s) besetness (cf. OE gesetnes)
traditional adj old-line old-stream, old-thread, thewkeeping, thewabiding, yorewise
traffic n - wayburden
tragedy n ill, knock, mishap woopleeth (<OE wopleoþ), ill-hap, woehap
tragic adj heartbreaking, unlucky, woeful -
trailblazing adj groundbreaking -
train n tow, tug -wain (old word for a wagon)
trainer n - outbilder (calque NHG. Ausbilder)
trait n tie -
traitor n backstabber lew (<OE læwa 'betrayer, traitor'), forreder (cf. OE forrǽda), trustreaver
transcend vb - yondstigh, overgo, overfare, outmire
transcribe vb downwrite yondwrite, cross-spell
transfer vb send, bring over, hand to/over, shift (Barnes) wend over, yondbring
forbring (cf. NHG verbringen), (<OE oferlædan) 
transfigure vb/n - forwandle (cf. NHG verwandeln)
yondshape, shapeshift
Transfiguration (rel.) n - Forhallowing
transform vb - forshape (<OE forscieppan)

forwandle, shapeshift, yondshape, forwend

transgress vb - overbreach (<OE oferbrecan)
transhuman n - yondwere, halfwere
transhumanism n - yondweredom, halfweredom
transit n/vb thoroughfare, faring -
transition n shift wending, switch-over, overswitch, frothering
transitional adj - wendingly, wendsome
transitive adj overfaresome (Barnes) -
transitive (grammar) adj - outreaching (Barnes)
transitory adj fleeting whilewendly (<OE hwilwendlic)
translate vb wend, put into (Barnes), overset, set over theed (<OE geþeodan, cf. Ic. þýða)
transliminal adj - mirethwarsing
transliteratetion n - umbwriting (cf. Ic. umrita)
translucent adj - thurghbright, throughleaming
throughshinely (cf. Du. doorschijnend)
transmit vb spread; ship; hand over  befollow, oversend (<OE)
transmission n broadcast befollowing, onsending
transparent adj see-through; bright-line
through-showing (Barnes), clear
throughbright (<OE þurhbeorht)
throughshine (<OE þurhscýne)
transpire vb 1. sweat
2. happen, come to happen, leak out, come out
-
transport vb ferry -
transsexual n she-man, he-lady, ladyboy, folkhalf shifter, folkhalf switcher kindswitcher
transsubstantiate vb - yondwhat, yondandwork
transvestite n - thwart-dresser, otherdresser
trauma n wound, aftershock -
travel vb fare (Barnes), wayfare, yondfare, lithe -
traveller n wayfarer (Barnes) -
traverse vb tread, yondfare yondshrithe (<OE geondscríðan)
treachery n - swick (<OE swic)
treason n forrede (cf. OE forrǽdan, Du. verraden, NHG verraten)
treasure n hoard, wealth hoard, dearworthness (<OE déorwyrðnes)

shat (<ME schat), yarse (<OE gærsum)

princely: dryghtmathem (<OE dryhtmaðm)

ancient:  earstreen (<OE ærġestrēon), eldstreen (<OE ealdġestrēon)

treasury n - gavelgild (<OE gafolgyld), feehoard (<OE feohhord) hoardern (<OE hordern) feehove (<OE feohhof) cluff (<OE clyfa)
treat vb - behandle (cf. Du. behandeling)
treatise n - offhandling (cf. NHG Abhandlung)
treatment n - behandling
treaty n truce

bargain (Barnes)

(peace): frithwrit, frithware (<OE friðuwær)

fordrawing (cf. NHG Vertrag), foreward (<OE foreweard)

tremble vb bive, shiver, quiver, shudder -
tremor n quake, quiver, shake, shudder -
trench n - gravet <OE grafet)
trespass vb overstep offbreete (calque of Ic. af-brot; cf. OE breotan)
triangle n - threenook (three-nook)
tribal leader n - kinelder
tribe n kindred, stem

mathe, kneeris (<OE cnēoris) pl:  kneerissa

(<cnēorissa) 

tribulation n woe

costing (<OE costung)
onfighting (cf. NHG Anfechtung)

arwothe (<OE earwoðe)

forniddenness (<OE forgnidennes) pl: forniddennessa (<OE forgnidennessa)

tribute n - gavel (<OE gafol)
tributary n brook rith, side-stream (Barnes)
triceratops n - threehornanleth (calque of Greek)
trichology n hairlore -
tricycle n - threewheeler
trick n wile sear (<OE searu)
trilobite n - threeleaf bug

threeoutbit (calque of Greek)

Trinidad and Tobago n - Threefold and Smokeleaf
trinity n - threeness (Barnes), threefoldness
tripartite adj threefold threedealed (<OE þridǽled)
triple n threesome -
triple vb/adj threefold (Barnes) -
triplet n threeling thryn
tristful adj downcast, gloomy, unblithe, unglad, wretched -
triumph n win, sig -
triumvirate n - thriwered (exact calque: trium- thri + -vir- were + -ate -ed)
trivial adj paltry ayeap, ageap (<OE ægype)
troops (army) n - sithreaden (<OE ġesiðræden)
tropical (climate) adj wethot -
tropical zone n - innerstrip, innerslice
trouble vb/n

ail, illness, woe; harm's way

in trouble: on the ropes

swench (<OE swenc -an)
troublesome adj - athrotsome (<OE aþrotsum)
truck n lorry freightwain (cf. W.Fris. frachtwein)
truncheon n cudgel, nightstick, club -
trunk n - body, bole, salk, stock, stem, shaft,
trunk n - slurf (cf. Du. slurf, W.Fris. sloarf) limbnose, armnose
try vb bid, shoot, crack, stab, forseek mint (<OE myntan)
tsunami n - entwave, greatwave

tuition

n teaching leering
tumor n amper (OE: ampre )
tundra n northgrass, coldgrass -
tunic n chesthelm, breasthelm -
tunnel n - burrow, crawlway, underway
turn vb wend, writhe -
turn against vb - andwerve
turning point n watershed -
turn into vb become, char forwandle
turquoise vb/n teal greenblue
turret n small keep wyehouse (<OE wíghús)
turtle n shell-paddock (rare) rover (contr. of 'roofer' or 'roofpod', akin to stegosaurus, meaning 'roofed lizard'), shieldpad (cf. W.Fris skyldpod & Du schildpad)
turtoise n shellpad shieldpad (cf. W.Fris skyldpod & Du schildpad)
tutelage n - reding
tutor n teacher, leerer -
tweezers n nippers -
type n kind (Barnes), ilk -
type vb key, truckle -
typhus n - lent-addle (Barnes)
typify vb kinden, mark, inbody -
typical adj - token
typographer n - outlayer, runecrafter
Tyrannosaurus rex n - king tharlrederathex (calque of Greek+Latin)

great king athex (athex <OE āðehe: saurus)
dreadathex

tyranny n - tharlreding
tyrant n - tharlreder (<OE þearl 'severe, strict')

hardrede (cf. king Harold 3 of Norway)

leedhater (<OE lēodhata/leōdhata)  pl: leedhatren (<OE lēodhatan/leōdhatan)

tyre n - wheelring

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