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Staff P of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


protuberance

prosecute

Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
pabulum n fodder, food of thought -
pace vb/n speed; step, walk, stride, tread -
pacifist n - frithweaver
package n wrapping -
pædophilia n - childlust
pagan n heathen -
page n side, sheet, leaf

trammet (<OE tramet), leafside
servant: theen 

pacify vb allay smolten, befrith
pain n smart, soreness, acheness lathe (<OE láð, NHG Leid)
painful adj acheful, hurting, nasty, sore, harsh, harrowing latheful
paint vb/n mete (obsolete, but in the OED)

meal (<OE mǽlan)

n: farbe (<OE færbu)

v. fay (<OE fǽgan)

v. mete/meet (< OE (á)métan)

painting n meting (obsolete) mealwork (cf. Ic. málverk)
palace n - thronehall, hire house
palate n roof of the mouth

goome (<OE góma)

pale adj bleach, dull, fallow, light, washed-out; ashen, doughy, mealy, wan -
pale n wall, weir -
paleolithic n - Old Stone Eldth
palindrome n - crabword, drowword
palisade n - stakehedge, stakewall, stakework
boardwall (<OE bredweall)
palliate vb whitewash; ease, soothe -
pallid adj ashen, doughy, mealy, wan -
palmtree n - folmtree
palpitate vb throb -
pamphlet n flyer, folder leafel
panaceä n - alheal (calque)
pancreäs n - sweet kernel
panda bear n - eastern bear, eyeshadowbear
pangolin n - scaledeer (calque)
panic n fright -
pant(aloon)s n breeches, britches -
pants, under- n undies, underwear netherlings, underkegs
papaya n - blasterapple (calque of Cuban Spanish "fruta bomba"
paper n

-

blade, leaf

'paper' in OE (from Latin) means papyrus

parable n likeness, biword (Sir John Cheke) byspel
parachute n -

fallward (calque of French parachute, para (defense against) + chute (a fall)

fallshirm (cf. NHG. Fallschirm, Du. valscherm)

fallscreen [calque of German Fallschirm, Fall (fall) + Schirm (screen) ]

paraclete n - forverghost (<OE forforgast)
paradise n heaven, the afterlife, Neorxnawang Narxenwong (newtiding of OE Neorxnawang; c.f. dark < OE deorc)
paradisiacal adj - -
parallel adj akin, matching getherwended, withstraight
paralysed(ysis) adj/n lame(ness), lamed -
paramour n lover leman
paranoia n - lede mistrust
paranoid n mad misgiver, overmistruster -
paraphrase n - edwording
parasite n bloodsucker, free rider sidefeeder (calque of Gk. parasitos, para (beside) + sitos (food)
parasitism n bloodsucking, freeriding sidefeeding
parasol n sunshade -
parchment n bookfell -
parent n elder; father or mother may (<OE mǣġ)
parenting n elderhood, child rearing, raising children/a child
parenthesis n - breeches
parents n elders, folk -
pariah n outcast, castoff, black sheep -
parish n - bedeshire
park n - parrock, eddish
parliament n - ledeward, lawmoot
parrot n - talkbird
parsimonious adj mean, stinting, tightfisted flint-skinning
parsley n - crispleaf
part n deal, share, bit -
part vb split, break, sunder -
partake vb have bytake, dealnim; thy (<OE þicgan; c.f. lie < licgan, buy < bycgan)
partial n - bent (on), slanted (toward)
participate vb - dealnim (<OE dælniman)
participation n -

dealnimhood

in the Eucharist:  mansomeness (<OE ġemænsumnes)

participant n - dealnimmer
participle n - dealnimmand (<OE dælnimand)
particle n mote, bit, crumb, mite, nip, shed; fleck, flyspeck, snip wordling grammar
particularly adv namely, above all, all the more, at length, ever so, in the main, more than ever hure (<OE huru), sunderly
partition n wall, wough -
partner vb/n mate

headmacker (<OE heafodġemæcca) pl: headmackren (<OE heafodġemæccan)

romantic: evenmacker (<efenġemæcca) pl: evenmackren (<OE efenġemæccan), macker (<OE ġemæcca) pl: mackren (<OE ġemæccan)

in crime: wisithe (<OE wīġesīþ)

parturition n childbirth, birthing
party n gathering, fungathering, merrymaking, bash -
parvenu n upstart -
pascal adj - tholing
pass vb overtake -
passage n path, way, pathway extract: plucking
passage of time n timeflow -
passenger n faregoer byfarer
passive adj idle throwendly (<OE þrowiendlic)
passport n - wayleave, fareford, trekford
past n/adj bygone former, last previous

forthwist (<OE forðgewitan), forgangenhood (<G vergangenheit)

pasta n noodle -
pasture n grassland, lea, meadow leasow
patella n kneecap -
paternal adj fatherly -
Paternoster n Our Father Lord's Bead
pathetic adj rueful, ruthful -
pathos n sadness -
patience n forbearing(ness) thild (<OE geþyld, cf. NHG Geduld)
moodthwearness (<OE módþwǽrnes)
patient adj forbearing thildy (<OE þyld, cf. NHG geduldig)
patria n homeland, fatherland, motherland -
patriarch n elder, eldfather highfather (<OE hēahfæder)
patriarchy n - fatherwield
patrician n - highholder (<OE héahealdor)
patricide n - fatherslaughter, fathermurder
patrimony n fathersland -
patriotic n home-loving landtrothen, fatherlandish (calque)
patriotism n home-love, flag-waving (pejorative) landtrothenness, fatherlandloving, motherlandtrothness
patron n backer, bestower -
patronage n business, trade -
pattern n cut, doing, doings, folkway, goings-on, layout, outline, setting, shape, set-up, warp & woof, way, ways, weave, web, yardstick -
pause n break, let-up -
paucity n lack, fewness -
pavement n sidewalk, footpath, walkway -
pay vb yield betale (cf. NHG bezahlen, Du. betalen)
payment n fee betaling (cf. Du. betaling, NHG Bezahlung)
peace n frith, bliss sib (<OE sibbe)
peaceful n - frithsome (cf. NHG. firedsam, Du vreedzaam)
peal vb ring, toll -
pearl n - seahurst (OE meregrot 'sea particle'; OE hyrst 'gem'), sandhurst
peasant n churl, boor, yeoman, husbandman, landman -
peasant farmer n serf bour (<OE būr) pl: bours (<OE būras)
peculation n thefting -
peculiar adj freak, unwonted markingly (cf. Nw. merkelig)
pedagogue n teacher -
pedal n footkey -
pedal adj foot(ed) -
pedantic n/adj

inkhorn(y), know-it-all,  nitpicking, teachy;

n: dryasdust

-
pedestal n - footstone (<OE fótstán)
pedestrian n walker -
peel n husk, rind, shell, skin -
peel vb rend, skin, shell, tear, pull off, slough off -
peep vb/n

cast, eye

slang: gander

-
pegasus n - winged horse
pejorative adj slighting -
pelican n - dive-dop (<OE dūfedoppa)

wanfoot

pellucid adj unclouded -
pelt n fell, hide -
pen n marker writler, writingfeather, writingiron (< OE wrítung-ísen), writsax (< OE writ-seax), reed, quill (uncertain origin)
penchant n leaning, fondness -
pencil n - leadstick, graystick, writing stick
penetrate vb thrill, bore -
peninsula n arm, foreland, headland, ness, spit -
pentagon n - fivenook, fivedge
Pentecost n Whitsunday -
penultimate adj last- but-one, next-to-last, forelast -
penis n

dick, cock(both slang; both vulgar), pintel (<OE), yard, shaft (slang), manhood (slang)

brine hose (slang), glied (NHG "member")
penitence n rueness (<OE hreonisse), ruefulness, ruth -
penurious adj stingy -
people n

folk; throng (group of people)

lede (<OE lēod, cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden)
perceive vb see, smell, smack, fang, wit, witness; make out

yeme, onget

bemark (cf. NHG./Du. bemerken)

upmark (cf. Du. opmerken)

percent n - hundredth(s)
perception n insight, grip, hold yeming, onget
undergetting, understanding, truetake, soothtake
percolate vb leach -
perdition vb forelornness -
peregrine falcon n duck hawk

duckhawk, wanderfalk (cf. Dn. vandrefalk, NHG. Wanderfalke)

perfect adj flawless; all-out, blank, blooming, clean, sheer, flat-out

bild-board, swotel

fulmade (cf. Du. volmaakt)

perfect vb hone, fullcome -
perfidious adj unfaithful, untrustworthy -
perforate vb riddle, thrill, stick, thirl/thurl (< OE thyrel; now obsolete or dialectal)
perform vb do forth, do, behave, work, play

uptread (theatrical; cf. Du. optreden)

theen (<OE ġeþēon)

perfume n -

duft, cride

athelstench (<OE æðelstenċ)
wortbreath (<OE wyrtbrǣþ)

perfunctory adj halfhearted, careless -
period n while, timespan, time frame, spell -
perish vb forfare, forworth, swelt (dialectal ) -
perjure vb/ n forswear, lie under oath, oathbreach, oathbreaking

-

perhaps adv maybe, mayhap byhaps, weenings (<OE wenunga)
perimeter n brim, hem, rim, skirt mireline
permanent adj everlasting, eche (archaic)

highfast (<OE hēahfæst), foreversome

permission n letting, leave, green light, furlough letship, thave (<OE þafian), tholing
tithe financial, lethood, letship
permit vb/n

green-light, leave, let, go-ahead

thave (<OE þafian), thole
tithe (<OE tiðian)
pernicious adj baleful, baneful -
pernio n chilblain -
perpendicular adj straight, upright -
perpetually adj everlastingly, aye, unendingly -
perpetuity, in adv forevermore -
perplex vb bewilder, bewonder -
persecute vb ail,  hound -
persecution n witch hunt, hounding -
persistent adj steadfast, dogged, bound -
person n

being, body, fellow, man, soul, wight, bloke

lede (<OE lēod, cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden)

grammar: sway (<OE swég)

personal adj selfly, monnly, self, own; inner, innermost, inmost; belittling; near -
personality n egg, mood, selfhood -
personnel n staff, men, ware -
perspective n outlook onsight, wist (native English kin to 'view' and 'vista'), wholesight
perspicacious adj insightful, keen, shrewd mindswotel
perspicacity n insightfulness, keenness, shrewdness -
persuade vb bring, talk into, win over beswipe (<OE beswapan)
pertinacious adj headstrong, strong-willed -
peruse vb look through, read through -
pervade n wade (archaic), go through,  forwade (calque), yond-sprout? (< geondsprútan)
perverse adj overthwart forchared, bewarped, thirtover, lewd, wayward, thrawn, forcouth, untoward
pervert n - lewdster (Shakespeare), rakehell
pervert vb - bewarp, offset, froward
petition vb/n bene, beseech, beg, ask -
pet-name n nickname ekename
petrify vb - stun (<OE stunian)
petroleum n black gold rock-lime (calque), stonesap
petticoat n - smallpode (<"small" + OE "pād", cloak, coat, and calque of ME pety coote, from pety (<Fr. Petit) + coat (<Fr. cote)
petulant adj sour, moody, waspish -
pessimism n naysaying, gloomthinking -
pessimistic adj downbeat, hopeless -
phantasm n dream; shade, shadow, wraith -
phantom n ghost -
phalanx n - speerlining
Pharisee n - Sunderholies (cf. OE 'sundor-halgan')
pharaoh n king (of Egypt) Sunking
phenomenal adj outstanding, astounding -
phenomenon n happening -
-philia sfx -lust -
philistine adj uncouth -
philosophy n wisdom, world outlook witlore, lorelief, wittinglove (calque)
phlebotomy n bloodletting -
phloem tube n - wort rowel
phobia n fear, misfear, fright, dread -
phobic adj fearful -
phosphorescent adj - lightshedding
phone n farspeaker -
photograph n shot lightbilth  (<Ic. ljósmynd),lightwrit
photography n - lightbilthwrit, lightwritcraft
phrase n - cwide, wordstring
phylum n stem, stock -
physics n - worldken
physical adj bodily, bodylike lichly, lundsome
pickaxe n pike -
picture n likeness, meting (obsolete) bilth (<OE biliþ, cf. Sw. bild, NHG Bild)
picturesque adj - wlitty (<OE wlitig)
piece n bit, snead

of silver: silverling pl: silverlingen (<G, the Dschinghis Khan song, Judas, specifically)

steck (<OE stycce, cf. NHG Stück)

pier n landing, wharf -
pierce vb bore, hole; gore, spear -
pianoforte n - Craxton
pigeon n dove -
pile n heap, hill, mound, mow (hay), swath (corn) -
pillage vb sack reave
pillar n mast, pole, stake -
pilot n lodeman, skyship boss, foreflyer, loftman -
pilot whale n - grindwhale (calque)
pimple n wheal -
piñata n - wonderbag (cf. NHG "wunderhüte")
pinch vb nip, squeeze, steal, scrimp, nab -
pine n fir, firtree, evergreen (more general) furrowwood (<OE furhwudu)
pioneer n groundbreaker, waymaker, pathfinder foretrecker (cf. Du. Voortrekker)
pioneering adj groundbreaking, waymaking foremoving, foretrecking (<Du. Voortrekker)
pious adj godly -
pip n

seed; bee's knees, day's eye

kern
pipe n leat, reed (in some contexts) rowl (<PG rauza-; cf. Sw. rör, NHG Rohr)
pirate n -

seareaver, shaythman (<OE scegthmann)

pirate captain n - highseareaver, highseathief (<OE héahsæþéof)

pity

n shame; kindheartedness, ruth eärming (<OE earmung)
pivotal adj key -
pizza n - flatcake
place vb lay, put, stow -
place n spot; berth: elbow room; dwelling, fireside, hearth; footing stead, stow, loogh (<OE lóh)
place, special n - sunderstow (<OE sundorstow)
placenta n - mothercake (cf. NHG Mutterkuchen, Sw. moderkaka)
plagiarism n thought-theft -
plague n - folkbane, blightdom
plan vb forethink, plot (origin unknown), draft, hatch howe (<OE hogian)
plan n layout, outline, draft howe
plank n board, sill -
plankton n - drifter moss
planning n frame, layout, shape; look, mean howing
planet n wanderstar, world, (heavenly) body tungel (<OE tungol), wanderer (<calque from the Greek)
plantation n - wortfield, seed farm, sowing field
plaster n/vb

stickum; besmear

limecoat
plastic n - newclay
plateau n dish; headland -
plate of metal n - clout (<OE clút), fet (<OE fæt)
platform n deck, staddle; soapbox -
platitude n hackneyed saying flatness (calque)
platypus n - billwight (cf. NHG schnabeltier)

flatfoot (calque of Greek platypus)

birdnose (calque of Greek ornithorhynchus)

pleasant adj blessed, darling, dreamy, good, grateful, heavenly, sweet, welcome faining, listing
please interj kindly, gladly, fain bid (cf. NHG bitte)
please vb gladden, queme -
pleased adj blissful, thankful eady, cwemed
pleasing adj grateful, welcome cwemely (<OE cwémlic)
pleasure n lust, gladness

cwemeness (satisfaction), itheness (<OE  īeðnes)

plebiscite n - folkfrain, folkcast, folksay
plectrum n - harpnail (<OE hearpenægel)
pledge n plight -
pledge vb swear, sicker -
plentiful adj rife, teeming, manyful -
plenty adv enough/enow, many weal
plethora n overflow overmuchness
-plex suf -fold -
plumage n feathers, featherware, hackles -
plumber n - leatfitter, bogfitter
plumbing n - leadwork
plumbline n - well-thread (<OE weallþrǽd)
plunder vb - stroud (<OE strūdian)
plunge vb dip, dunk, dive -
plural adj - manifold(ly) (<OE manigfealdlic), manysome, many
plutocracy n - gelddom, goldwield
pluvial adj rain indicator: watergall
pneumatic adj of a woman: shapely thringlofty
poem n lay, yed (in OED, < OE giedd) leeth (<OE leoð), leethsong (<OE leoðsang)
poet n - shop (<OE scop) leethwright (<OE leoþwyrhta)
poetry n - leethcraft (<OE leoðcræft), wordcraft, shopcraft
point n tip, tine, nib

point out sth: betoken, forewarn, make smb aware of

-
poison n bane, gall, atter (obsolete or dialectal)
pole (physics, geography) n andaxle
polar (physics, geography) adj andaxley/andaxlen
polar zone n land of the midnight Sun everfrost belt
pole n - shot <OE sceāt "corner, angle, nook," cognate of skaut)
worldshot (cf. Ic. heimskaut)
polecat n - thummart
polemic n/adj rant -
police n law warden
political adj mootish
party: mootband
-
politician n lawmaker -
politics n - mootsmanship, kingspeak
pollute vb foul, befoul smear, besnit, besmerch, besmut
poltergeist n - dinghost
polycephaly n - maniheadedness
polygamist n - maniwed
polyglot n - tungsmith
polygon n - manihern
polyhedron n - manyneb
polytheïsm n - sundertroth
pomegranate n - granatapple (cf NHG granatapfel), cornapple, kernelapple (since "granat" is still not native)
pompous adj showy, overbearing; high-flown, boastful -
ponder vb wonder, eye, think, weigh, wrestle with hiler, smigh
pontoon n card game: twenty one sundstall
pony n - horseling
poor adj in need, on the breadline; wretched, ill-stared earm, arm (<ME, <OE earm)
pop (music) n folk -
pope n Holy Father

Romish headrunner (runner = bishop, cf. NHG Läufer, Sw. löpare)

Highfather (<OE héahfæder)

popular adj folkly, folkish -
popularity n - altheed-love (cf. Ic. alþýðu-lof)
populate vb - befolken, folken
population n - dwellerscore, ledescore, folkrim, befolking, bewoners, indwellers, folk, ware, erdeners, allfolks (allhallows)
population density n - huddlemete
populous adj - folkful, folkrich (calque of German)
populus assembly n - folkforsaming (calque of many germanic languages)

folkgathering

porcine adj piggish, swinish, boarish, hoggish
porcine n pig, boar, hog, swine, sow, yelt -
porcupine n - quillpig
pore n hole, hidehole, skinhole thirl, sweathole.
pork n pig, swine farrow (<OE fearh)
pornography n - whoreshowing
porous adj holey, seepsome siftful, thirl (< OE thyrel)
porpoise n mereswine mereswine (cf. Dn. marsvin), seaswine, swinewhale (calque)
port n harbour, haven ford, hythe
portable adj - ferryworth
portmanteau n - word: mingleword (cf. Du. mengwoord)
portal n doorway, gate, gateway

roder (<OE rodor)

portend vb bode, by-sen, forerun, ill-bode, foreshadow, forewarn -
portent n - foretoken, boding
portentous adj

doomy, foreboding, ill-boding, threatening; awesome, stunning, wonderful

-
portion n deal, lot, share, dole -
portrait n - bild, mealing
position n berth steadholding
positive (aspect) n upside -
possess vb

own, owe; devilsicken, bewitch, take, take over

-
possessed adj devilsick, owned, ought, owed, own, giddy, bewitched, deviltaken, deviled (Sir John Cheke) -
possession n ownership, belonging, ought ownedness (<OE anwædnesse)
possibility n likeliness maylihood, mightliness, maybehood, acendly (<OE ácendlicnes), acumendlyness (<OE ácumendlicnes)
possible adj - mayly (cf. Fr. mooglik)
maybesome, doughtbefall, dowedbefall, hapsome, mightsome, within reach, acumend (<OE ácumendlic)
possibly adv maybe, likely mayly
post- pref after- -
posterior n rump, back(side) -
posteriority n afterness -
posterity n offspring

afterbairns, afterkin, fromkindred, kneeris (<OE cnēoris) pl:  kneerisse (<cnēorissa)

post-existence n afterlife, afterbeing, the beyond, the great beyond, the next world, other world, the great unknown -
posthuman n - afterwere, gearwere
posthumanism n - afterweredom, gearweredom
postpone vb forestall, forslow, put off, call off jeld (<OE ieldan)
post script (p.s.) n afterthought afterword, afterwrit (a.w.)
potassium n - potash (pot ash)
potato n spud, tater, tatty earthapple (cf. NHG Erdapfel, Pl. ziemniak, N.Pers. سیب‌زمینی)
earthpear (<OE eorþpera)
nightshade runner ('solanum tuberosa'), shaderoot, breadroot
potential adj likely, maybe mayly
potential n strength, fitness, wherewithal
pouch n - pung (<OE pung, cf. Sw., Dn. pung)
poultry n fowl -
pour vb teem, skink, shink, sie

yeat; birle drink

poverty n need, want; dearth, drought armth, armhood
powder n/vb

dust; beat, crush, grind

power n

grip, sway, strength, brawn, might

thrith (<OE thryth)

wield/wold/wald (<OE weald)


special: sundercraft (<OE sundorcræft)
supreme: douthmight (<OE duguþmiht)

power vb drive, feed -
power line n - spark rope
powerful adj heavy, mighty, strong

thrytheswythe (<OE þrȳþswȳð)

practical adj working; earthy, down-to-earth -
practically adv about, all-but, fair, fairly, more or less, nearly, well-nigh -
pragmatic adj hardheaded, down-to-earth -
praise n -

heriness (<OE herenes), hering (<OE herung), lof (<OE) 

praise vb - herry (<ME heryan)
pram n buggy push-wainling (Barnes)
prayer n bead ben, boon
beadred (<OE bedræden), forben
prayerful adj - beadful
pre- pref fore- -
preamble n foreword, inleading, forespell -
precaution n forecare -
precede vb herald, forerun -
precinct n space: pen
pedestrian zone: walkway
-
precipitation n rainfall, snowfall, downsheet, breefall downsheet
precious adj dear, dearworth, dearworthly -

preciousness,

n dearworthiness -
preclude vb forestall, foreclose -
precocious adj ahead rathe-ripe, rathish
precognition n foreknowledge, foreboding -
precursor n forerunner, forebear -
predator n hunter (in some contexts) reavedeer (cf NHG. Raubtier, Du. roofdier), flesheater
predecessor n forerunner; forebear, forefather foreling (by analogy to afterling)
predestination n wyrd/weird, doom weird, coring, foreteeing (<OE foreteohhung)
predetermine vb foredoom -
predicament n swamp, catch 22, sticky wicket hardfettle
predict vb foretell, foresay, foresee, forecast, soothsay -
prediction n foretelling, foresight, foretelling, forecast, soothsaying -
predominant adj overweighing -
preëminent adj foremost elderdomly (<OE ealdordomlice)
preëxistence n aforeness, beforeness, forebeing -
prefabricated adj ready-made, ready-built, forewrought fore-timbered(houses)
preface n foreword throughlook(ing) (OE þurhlōcung)
prefect n - fyrdenhighshireman
prefer vb (would) rather beliken, forechoose (<OE foreceosan)
preference n beliking, forechoosing
prefigure vb foreshadow, foreshow -
prefix n - forefastening
pregnant adj with child, heavy (with child) bearing
prehistory n - yesteryore, forewritlore
prejudice(al) n/adj foredeem(ing) -
prejudge vb foredeem -
prelude n foreword, warm-up forspell
premature adj untimely foreripe
prematurely adv beforehand, oversoon -
premeditated adj forethought -
premier adj foremost, first -
premise n

given, if; toft (building site')

forehedging
premonition n forefeeling, foreboding -
preoccupy vb

-

forebusy
preparation n -

reening, readying, foregearing, gearwing (<OE gearwung)

prepare vb taw, fit, fix, groom, lay, ready; draft, draw up, frame; lay out reen (<OE renian)
prepared adj ready, tawed, neat -
preposition n - foreput, foresetness (< Ælfric's OE calque 'foresetnes')
prepuce n foreskin -
prescience n foreknowledge; farsightedness, foresightedness, forethought forewisdom
prescient adj farseeing, farsighted, forehanded, foreseeing, forethoughtful, forward -
prescribe vb lay down forwrite, forespell
presence n sight; look, outside bybe (cf. Du. bijzijn), onbe-hood, theresomeness
present adj in; ongoing onbe-ish, andward (<OE andweard), gainward (cf. NHG gegenwart), nowa
present n

here and now, today; gift, handsel

nowtide, nowtime, nonce, time being, now, grammar: andward (<OE andweard)
present vb show; give, bestow, furnish forestell (calque)
presentiment n forefeeling -
preserve vb forlast, hain, keep, uphold, aspare berg (<OE beorgan)
preside vb steward, overlook foresit over
president n'" - foresitter (calque), kithhead, stoolman
press vb thring, thrutch -
press down vb - bethryck (<OE beþryccan)
pressure n - thringmight, thryck
presume vb foreguess, daresay athrist (<OE áthristian)
presumably adv likely, seemingly
presumptuous adj uppity, overweening, daring -
presuppose vb - forettle, forise (<OE rǣswian)
pretender n would-be -
pretense n

put-on, show; high horse

-
pretentious adj showy, hoity-toity, over the top, kitsch -
prevail vb hold up, keep up, last throughswithe (<OE þurhswiðan)
prevent vb hinder, forcome, forbid, forestop, forestall, forehinder let (<OE lettan), forstand
preview vb/n forelook, forepeek, foreshow, foreshowing -
previous adj former, last, latter, foregoing, earlier, yester -
previously adv afore, already, before, beforehand, earlier, formerly -
prey n (the) hunted (in some contexts) feng (<OE)
pride n - unmoodness (<OE unmōdnes)
prima donna n leading lady -
primacy n - foremostness, elderdom (<OE)
primary adj foremost, first, erst, main -
primer n - futhorc writ
primeval adj hoary, olden -
prince n atheling high earl, kingling, first (cf. NHG Fürst, Du. vorst)
princess n - queenling, high earlin, fo(u)rstin (cf. NHG Fürstin, Du. vorstin)
principality n - frimdom (<OE fruma), high earldom
principle n - howing, eldertruth
principle adj main, foremost, first, head -
print vb -

thryck (<OE þryccan), forlau, outlay

printing press n - thrycker, thringing thryck calque
prior adj before(hand) -
priority n right-of-way forerank, foreweight, oreness, beforeness
prism n block andleamer
prison n clink, lockup dung [plural ding] (<OE dung)
prisoner n inmate haftling (<OE hæftling, cf. NHG Häftling)
pristine n earliest, firstness, spotless, yoreness, orhood -
private adj hushed dern, onelepy (<OE anlipig), sunder
privilege n right, freedom sunderfreedom (<OE), sundergift (cf. OE sundorgiefu)
privileged adj gifted -
privy n outhouse dern
probable adj likely -
pro n by craft, craftsman -
probably adv likely, in all likelihood, maybe, most likely, belike trueshinely (cf. Du. waarschijnlijk, NHG wahrscheinlich)
probity n uprightness -
problem n worry, kinch, bugbear, reck, hang-up, hitch, snag, rub -
procedure n - forfareld
proceed vb go forward, go forth, go on yede, forfare (cf. NHG verfahren)
proceeding n - foregoing (cf. NHG Vorgang)
process vb - forework, forfareld/forfaring, taw
process n - foregang (cf. NHG Vorgang), workway
processor n computer: mainframe telcruncher, reckoner
proclivity n forelike, forelove towardbend
procrastinate vb forresten
procreäte vb beget, breed -
procurator n - highshireman (<OE hēahscīremann)
procure vb - beshape (cf. NHG beschaffen)
product n ware -
productive n waresome, thrifty, yoelding -
prodigy n - wonderchild
prodigal adj spareless unbridled, feespilling
produce vb/n

vb: beget, breed, bring about, bring forth, draw on, work, yield

n: handiwork, output, thing, work, yield

forthbring
production n yield, output, handiwork forthbringing
productive adj - forthbearë (<OE forþbære)
proem n foreword -
professional adj skilled -
professional n worker, craftsman -
professor n lorespeaker, loregiver -
profit n gain, boot, yield, winnings, earnings -
profitable adj worthwhile -
proficiency n skill -
profound adj underlying, deep -
profoundly adv underlyingly, deeply, groundly -
profusely adv phr flow thickly, running overly, teemingly -
profusion n beteeming -
progenitor n begetter, elder(s), father(s), forebear(s), forefather(s), fore-elder(s), Forerunner(s) -
program n - foredraught, broadcast, sending (see source code)

language: draft writ

progress n inroads forthship (<OE forþscype)

forthstride, headway, foreway

progressive adj forward, late; broad-minded; cutting-edge forblowing
prohibit vb forbid, forfend -
project n - howe, goalwork
projector n beamer -
prokaryote n - forenut, forekern (calque)
prolific adj fat, lush, rich birthy, broodful, birthful
prologue n foretale -
promise n behight, oath, troth, foreword -
promise vb behight, swear; forebode behet (<OE behatan)
promontary n headland, foreland, ness, hoe -
promote vb uprear, (up)further, boost -
prone adj given -
pronghorn antelope n - tinedeer, outrunning tinehorner
pronoun n - byname (<OE binama), forename (<OE forenama)
pronounce vb - swettel (<OE sweotol)
pronunciation n -

swettling; wordmanner

loudcarve (<Icl. hljóðkerfi)

  • proper/correct:' rightstefen (<OE rihtstefn) pl:  








rightsteven (<OE rihtstefna)

proof n witness shedding
reckonedness (<OE gerecednes)

bewise (calque of many germanic languages)

propel vb thrust, drive, drive forth -
proper adj fitting, meet, seemly, right, true bedavenly (<OE gedafenlic)
property n ownings, holdings; hallmark

ownhood, owndom (calque)
private: sunderfee (<OE sundorfeoh)

eaght <span style="background-color:transparent;font-size:95%;">(<OE æht)

prophesy vb foretell, foresee, soothsay -
prophesy n foresight, boding, foretelling, soothsaying -
prophet n seer
soothsayer, foresayer (Sir John Cheke)
-
proposal n forthput -
propose vb put forth, forthsay -
propriëtor n householder, owner, landlord/lady -
propulsion n thrust -
proscribe vb forbid -
vb - forfulge (cf. Du. vervolgen)
prosecution n - forfollowing (cf. Du. vervolging)
proselyte n freshman (Sir John Cheke) -
prosopagnosia n - neb blindness
prosper vb thee -
prosperity n theedom forblowing (<OE blowan)
prosperous n lush theely
prostitute vb whore -
prostitute n hooker, whore, streetwalker, hustler -
prostrate adj aground -
prostrate oneself (to) vb lay aground before hien (<OE hīenan, lit. "to lie prostrate")
protarchæopteryx n - foreorfowl, first orbird
protect vb ward, shield, forstand -
protection n shield, ward lewing (<OE hleowung)
mundwist (<OE mundwist)
protective adj - mundly (<OE mundian), wardly
protector n warden holdand (<OE healdend)
protégé n ward -
protein n - eggwhite (cf. NHG Eiweiß, Du. eiwit)
protest n/vb

uproar, outcry

wrangle, gainsay

forstride

Protestant adj - gainstish, fortrothen
Protestant n -

gainsayer, fortrothen

proto- pref or- -
Proto-Germanic n - ortheedish
proton n - firstbit
protoplasm n - orslime

protrude

vb stick out, jut -
protuberance n outgrowth
proud adj showy, overbearing, lofty, stout

rank (<OE ranc), stolt (NHG stolz)

prove vb show soothe (OE 'soþian,' ME 'sothen')

bewise (Calque of many germanic Lanuages)

proverb n byword, saying, saw, folksay(ing) -
provide vb feed, give, hand over beheft
province n - landshare; outland, folkshire (<OE folcscearu)
provocation n - greming (<OE gremung)
prow n foreship -
prudence n forewit, sparefulness, wariness, wisdom flackheadedness (flack 'level' <Fr, Du.)
pruning n shredding/shreading (in OED, obsolete; <OE scrēadung)
Prunus Spinosa n blackthorn, sloe sloethorn (<OE slāhþorn)
pry vb 1. key-hole 2. uproot -
prying n/adj key-holeing -
pseudo- n fake, -like -
psychedelic adj - soulkithing, mindopening, mindrooming,
soulopening (cf. Sw. "själsöppnande")
psychiatrist n shrink mindhealer, soulkithler, mindlore(wo)man
psychiatry n - soulkith (cf. Du. seelkunde), mindkith
psychic n - soulsman, mindsman
psychic adj - soulish, mindish
psychologist n shrink mindlorer
psychology n - mindlore
psychotropic adj - mindwending
pub(lic house) n inn, alehouse, boozer -
public n - openlyhood (cf. NHG Öffentlichkeit)
public adj open, mean -
public servant adj - theen, onbidsman
public toilet n - outhouse
publish vb forthset, bring out; forthsend forlay (cf. NHG verlegen), outlay
openthryck
pulsate vb beat, throb -
pulse n 1. beat, throb 2. bean -
pumice n - foamstone
pumpkin n marrow tillberry, harvestball
punch vb clout handstrike, fiststrike
punish vb - strafe (calque of many Germ. langs.)

witten (<OE wítnian)

punishment n strafe, strafing

wittening (<OE wítnung)

pup n whelp -
pupil n of the eye: strale -
puppet n cat's paw -
purchase vb buy, take -
pure adj clean, sheer, white swotel (<OE sweotol)
Purgatory n - Sweepfire (cf. NHG Fegefeuer), Otherworld
purge vb cleanse furb
purify vb cleanse beswotel
purple n -

bawse (<OE basu), fishdye (<OE fiscdēah), tiver (<OE teafor), woaden (<OE wæden), redblee, bleerëd (<OE blēorēod), clamhue, clam

purple dye n - welktallow (<OE weoloctælg)
purple martin n - bawseswallow, bleeswallow
purpose n sake, goal -
pursue vb follow, shadow, tail -
pursuit n following, shadowing, tailing woath (<OE wāþ)
purveyor n monger -
push vb shove, thrust, thrutch outarm
pustule n pock, w(h)eal, whelk
putrefaction n rot(ting) addleness
pygmy n dwarf; Tom Thumb -
pyromania n - firemadness
pyromaniac n - firesetter
pyrophobia n -

fireawe, baleyse (<OE bælegsa)

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