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English Wordbook/L

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Staff L of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
labia majora n - greater ladylips (<Calque of the Latin + "lady")
labia minora n - lesser ladylips (<Calque of the Latin + "lady")
labo(u)r vb grind, sweat, swink, slog, strive, work

wyrch (<OE wyrċan)

labo(u)r n work, elbow grease
med: childbirth, birthing
arvothe (<OE earfoðe)
labo(u)rer n worker, swinker blue hem (blue collar)
laboratory n workshop, workhall -
laborious adj backbreaking, burdensome, toilsome -
labyrinth n maze -
lacerate vb cut rend, snithe
lackadaisical adj lackadaisy, listless, lazy -
lacklustre adj dim, dull, leaden, lifeless, dead, brightless -
lactose n - milksweet
lacuna n dearth gapfall
lager (beer) n - light beer (cf. Sw. ljust öl)
lagoon n - sealock
lambaste vb berate, flog, scathe, upbraid flay
lament vb mourn, weep, yammer norn, quithe, beweep (<OE)
lamentable adj bemoaning, doleful -
lamp n beacon, light chell (cf. OE ciella, OHG kella), crusie, lightvat, leamer
lampion n - lightvat
language n tung, speech

reard (<OE reord), landspeech (<OE landsprǣċ), rerd, reird, leid, Þodspræc (Plural: Þodspræcken)

literary: bookleid (<OE bōclæden) pl: bookleiden

languid adj limp; down-and-out, sapped, wimpish slack
languish vb pine, dwindle, droop, ebb, lessen, wane, wither, weaken, wear away, swine dwine, addle (<OE ádlian)
languor n listlessness; lowness, wimpiness -
lanolin n - wool wax
lapidary n - ingraver
lapse n fluff, slip, screwup, backslide dwild (<OE 'error')
large adj big, broad, mickle, great -
largely adj mostly -
lascivious adj foul, lewd; lustful gal (<ME<OE gāl), gat-toothed (<ME gat-toþed)
laud vb - herry (<ME herian)
launch vb take off -
launder vb wash, cleanse furb
laundrette n washhouse furby's
laundry n wash, washing furbing
lava n molten rock ren (cf. Ic. hraun)
lawyer n lawman -
lax adj careless, slack; loose, slackened -
laxative n - loosener
lay (poem/song) n - yedding
layman n newbie, dabbler, beginner byfellow
LCD n - frost outplay
lease vb let -
leash n lead, tether -
lecher n masher, wolf -
lecherous adj hot, itchy, lewd, wanton -
lecture n reading, leer -
lecturer n reader lorespeaker, leerer
lederhosen n - leatherhosen
leg n shank -
legacy n bequest -
legal adj lawful, aboveboard -
legalize vb - belaw, berighten, tholingly
legend n 1. key 2. folktale -
legible adj - readsome
legislator n lawmaker, lawgiver -
legislature n lawmaking body -
legitimate adj rightful, (of birth) fullborn, lawful -
leisure n free-time, time off, holiday, rest, spare time, freedom faining, list, easedom (cf. Scots "Aisedom")
leisure adj free, busiless, off -
leisure, have vb rest, loaf, while away the time fain, list
lemon n - sourapple
lemur n - scareape, stareape, ghostape
Lent n - Linctenfasten (<OE lenctenfæsten)
lenitive adj soothing milding
lepidoptera n moths, flinders (butterflies) -
lepton n - lightmote
lesbian n dyke (slang) -
lesson n teaching, learning -
-let suf -ling -
lethal adj deadly -
lethargic adj sluggish, listless sleeple
lethargy n listlessness, sluggishness sleepleness
letter n character: rune, bookstave kite <US prison, slang

errandwrit, errandbook (<OE ǽrendbóc)

leukemia n - blood MTF see cancer
level n - flak (Fr, see Du. vlak)

tool: gauge, tier, emnet (<O.E)

lever n switch -
leverage n heft, pull, sway -
leveret n - hareling
lexicon n wordhoard (<OE wordhord), wordlist -
liability n downside, drawback law: linkworthiness
liable adj -

law: linkworthy

liberal adj broad-minded, freehearted, openhanded, unstinting, unselfish custy (<OE cystig), givle (<OE gifol)
liberalism n - freewardness
libertarian(ism) n/adj - freesom (troth/seeker)
liberate vb free befree (<OE befreogan, cf. NHG befreien), loose, let go

lease (<OE aliesan 'to let loose, free, deliver, liberate')

hredd (<OE hreddan 'take away, save, liberate'

liberation n - befreeing
liberty n freedom, free will freals (<OE freols)
library n bookhouse, bookhoard bookhall
license n leave forthforlateness (<OE forþforlætenes) pl: forthforlatenessa (<OE forþforlætenessa)
licentious adj hot, lewd, itchy  -
lichen n lungwort ragu
lieutenant n helpmate, sidekick -
ligature n belt, binding, strap, string -
lily pad n - seabloom (cf. NHG seerose), waterbloom
limbo n - neitherworld
limerence n crush -
limit n bound, threshold, cap, stint; landmark mire (<OE mære)
limit vb bound, tint, narrow -
limitation n cramp -
limpid adj see-through; cool, smooth, together, unruffled, unshaken, unworried swotel
line n wire

drawn: stroke, slash, dash

drawn: straightmark
lineage n blood-ties, house, strain, seed strind
linear adj straight(wise) -
lingerie n knickerwear, smallclothes -
lingua franca n shared tung -
Linguistic Purism n - speechlorely swotelness, swoteltungdom, cleantungdom
linguistics n - speechlore, cwidelore
linguist n - speechlorer, cwidelorer
linoleum n - corksail
lion n - lewcat, manecat
lipid n - lynd
liquid n - bree, wettock, flowstuff
liquid adj flowsome -
liquor n - brandy
litany n - beesong (cf. Ic. bænasöngur)
literary adj written -
literate adj learned, well-read -
literature n bookcraft booklore, bookware, the written word, writings, written works, writcraft
lithography n - stone forlaying
littoral adj - searim, shorely
liturgy n - leedwork (calque of Gk. leit-urgia),
lizard n - athex (<OE aðexe)
llama n - sheepolvend (calque of Du. schaapkameel + olvend (<OE olfend) for camel)
lobe n - outbit
lobster n crayfish, crawfish -
local adj - steadly, stowly
locality n shire, neighbourhood bystead
locate vb find; come upon -
location n spot, whereabouts lying (cf. NHG Lage, Du. ligging)
locomotive n - draughtwain
lodge n inn, bergh, guesthouse, bed & breakfast; watchman's hut, shed, gatehouse, townhouse

cote,  toachirhouse (<OE tōċirhūs)

lodge vb dwell stow, ern (<OE ærn)
lodger n boarder, roomer board & roomer, homesteader
logarithm n - splittel
logic n witcraft rethemete, flitcraft
logo n brandmark -
-logy, -log, -logue suff -lore, -craft -frod (cf. Ic. jarðfræði 'earthfrod' ~ geology; OE frod 'wise')
longitude n length -
loquacious adj feather-tunged, gabby speakle
lounge n living room, sitting room -
lounge vb idle, lie, moon -
loyal adj stalwart, down-the-line, true-hearted, good, fast, steady, true-blue, steadfast trewe (<OE trēowe, cf. Du trouw, NHG. treue), trothsome, trothful, trothly
loyalist n stalwart Ġetrewe/Ġetrowe(cf. Du getrouw, NHG Getreue)
loyalty n troth trowe (<OE trēowe, cf. NHG. Treue, Du trouw)

hield (<OE)

lubricate vb slick, wax -
lubricated adj slippery -
lubricious adj hot, lewd, itchy, wanton -
lucid adj shining, glowing -
Lügenpresse n liënpress. -
lumpenproleteriat n rabble. churl-throng; nither-folk; dwolm-ilk.
lunacy n madness, witlessness -
lunar adj moonly -
lunatic adj bats, unhinged -
luscious adj lush, tasteful; sweet, good -
luster n gloss -
luxe adj silken -
luxuriant adj green, leefy -
lycanthropy n - warewolf-sickness
lynx n - lox (<OE 'lox', <PIE 'leuk', light)

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