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Staff L of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
labia majora n - greater ladylips (<calque of Latin + "lady")
labia minora n - lesser ladylips (<calque of Latin + "lady")
labo(u)r vb grind, sweat, swink, slog, strive, work, struggle

wyrch (<OE wyrċan)

labo(u)r n work, elbow grease, struggle
med: childbirth, birthing
arveth (<OE earfoðe)
labo(u)rer n worker, swinker blue hem (blue collar)
laboratory n workshop, workhall workstead
laborious adj backbreaking, burdensome, toilsome -
labyrinth n maze -
lacerate vb cut rend, snithe
lackadaisical adj lackadaisy, listless, lazy -
lacklustre adj dim, dull, leaden, lifeless, dead, brightless -
lactose n - milksweet
lacuna n dearth, hole gapfall
lager (beer) n - light beer (cf. Sw. ljust öl)
lagoon n - sealock
lambaste vb berate, flog, scathe, upbraid flay
lament vb mourn, weep, yammer norn, quithe, beweep (<OE)
lamentable adj bemoaning, doleful -
lamp n beacon, light chell (cf. OE ciella, OHG kella)

lightvat (<OE leohtfæt)

leamer, crusie

lampion n - lightvat
LAN (local area network) n - ord network
language n tongue, speech, leid (from scots)

reard (<OE reord), landspeech (<OE landsprǣċ), rerd, reird, leid, Þodspræc (Plural: Þodspræcken)

literary: bookleid (<OE bōclæden) pl: bookleiden, tung

languid adj limp; down-and-out, sapped, wimpish slack
languish vb pine, dwindle, droop, ebb, lessen, wane, wither, weaken, wear away, swine dwine, addle (<OE ádlian)
languor n listlessness; lowness, wimpiness -
lanolin n - wool wax
lapidary n - ingraver
lapse n fluff, slip, screwup, backslide dwild (<OE 'error')
large adj big, broad, mickle, great -
largely adj mostly, mainly -
lascivious adj foul, lewd; lustful gole (<ME<OE gāl; listed in OED as obsolete), gat-toothed (<ME gat-toþed)
lattitude n - bowheight
laud vb - herry (<ME herian)
launch vb take off -
launder vb wash, cleanse furb
laundrette n washhouse furby's
laundry n wash, washing furbing
lava n molten rock -
lawyer n lawman -
lax adj careless, slack; loose, slackened -
laxative n - (stool-)loosener
lay (poem/song) n - yedding
layman n newbie, dabbler, beginner byfellow
LCD n - frost outplay
lease vb let -
leash n lead, tether -
lecherous adj hot, itchy, lewd, wanton -
lecture v read, teach foreread (calque of all Ger. speeches)
lecture n reading

teach: leer

talk: foredraw (calque of all Ger. speeches)

lecture(school): forereading (calque of all Ger. speeches)

lecturer n reader lorespeaker, leerer
lederhosen n - leatherhosen
leg n shank -
legacy n bequest -
legal adj lawful, aboveboard -
legalize vb phrase: make lawful belaw, berighten, tholingly
legend n 1. key 2. folktale, Saga, - must-read tale, wonder-tale.
legendary adj - talewoven
legible adj - readsome
legislator n lawmaker, lawgiver -
legislature n lawmaking body -
legitimate adj rightful, (of birth) fullborn, lawful -
leisure n free-time, time off, holiday, rest, spare time, freedom faining, list, easedom (cf. Scots "Aisedom")
leisure adj free, busiless, off -
leisure, have vb rest, loaf, while away the time fain, list
lemon n - sourapple
lenitive adj soothing milding
lepidoptera n moths, flinders (butterflies) -
lepton n - lightmote
lesbian n dyke (slang) -
lesson n teaching, learning read
-let suf -ling -
lethal adj deadly, fey (obsolete) -
lethargic adj sluggish, listless sleeple
lethargy n listlessness, sluggishness sleepleness
letter n character: rune/roun, bookstave kite (<US prison, slang); speech-tokens

errandwrit, errandbook (<OE ǽrendbóc)

leukemia n - blood MTF (see cancer)
level n - flak (Fr, see Du. vlak)

tool: gauge, tier, emnet (<O.E)

level adj flat, even, straight -
lever n switch liftstaff
leverage n heft, pull, sway -
leveret n - hareling
lexicon n wordhoard (<OE wordhord), wordlist -
liability n downside, drawback law: linkworthiness
liable adj guilty

law: linkworthy

liberal adj broad-minded, freehearted, openhanded, unstinting, unselfish custy (<OE cystig), givle (<OE gifol)
liberalism n - freewardness
libertarian(ism) n/adj - freesom (troth/seeker)
liberate vb free befree (Eng., <OE befreogan, cf. NHG befreien), loose, let go

lease (<OE aliesan 'to let loose, free, deliver, liberate')

redd (<OE hreddan 'take away, save, liberate'

liberation n freeing, freedom befreeing
liberty n freedom, free will freals (<OE freols)
library n bookhouse, bookhoard bookhall, bookstrain, booksamning
license n leave -
licentious adj hot, lewd, itchy -
lichen n lungwort ray (<OE ragu)
lieutenant n helpmate, sidekick, steadholder
ligature n belt, binding, strap, string -
lily pad n - seabloom (cf. NHG seerose), waterbloom
limbo n - neitherworld
limerence n crush -
limit n bound, threshold, cap, stint; landmark mire (<OE mære)
limit vb bound, tint, narrow -
limitation n cramp -
limpid adj see-through; cool, smooth, together, unruffled, unshaken, unworried
lineage n blood-ties, house, strain, seed strind
linear adj straight(wise) -
lingerie n knickerwear, smallclothes -
lingua franca n shared tongue -
Linguistic Purism n - quide swoteling

sheerspeechcraft/lore

linguistics n - speechlore, quidelore (<OE cwide)
linguist n - speechlorer, quidelorer (<OE cwide)
linoleum n - corksail
lion n - lewcat, manecat
lipid n fat, speck lynd
liquid n - bree, wettock, flowstuff
liquid adj flowsome, flowy -
liquor n mead, shench, shenk, firewater, booze gut-rot, knock-out drops, srandy, burning wine.
litany n - beesong (cf. Ic. bænasöngur)
literal adj - verbatim: 

wordly (NHG. wörtlich) of letters: bookstavely (NHG Buchstäblich)

literally adv word for word verbatim: wordly (NHG. wörtlich)

of letters: bookstavely (NHG Buchstäblich)

literary adj written -
literate adj learned, well-read -
literature n bookcraft booklore, bookware, the written word, writings, written works, writcraft
lithograph n - stonewrit
lithography n - stonewritting
littoral adj - searim, shorely
liturgy n - ledework (calque of Gk. leit-urgia),
lizard n ask, askard (Brit. dialect) eft
llama n - sheepolvend (calque of Du. schaapkameel + olvend (<OE olfend) for camel)
lobe n - outbit
lobster n -
local adj near, nearby, neighbouring steadly, stowly
locality n shire, neighbourhood bystead
locate vb find; come upon -
location n spot, whereabouts, lying (cf. NHG Lage, Du. ligging)

Ord (Eng. but seldom, NHG. Ort, Du. od, Sw. udd)

locomotive n - draughtwain
lodge n inn, bergh, guesthouse, bed & breakfast; watchman's hut, shed, gatehouse, townhouse

cote

lodge vb dwell stow, ern (<OE ærn)
lodger n boarder, roomer board & roomer
logarithm n - splittle
logic n witcraft, rethemete, redecraft, flitcraft
logo n brandmark -
-logy, -log, -logue suff -lore, -craft -frod (cf. Ic. jarðfræði 'earthfrod' ~ geology; OE frod 'wise')
longitude n length bowlength
loquacious adj feather-tongued, gabby speakle
lounge n living room, sitting room -
lounge vb idle, lie, moon -
loyal adj stalwart, down-the-line, true-hearted, good, fast, steady, true-blue, steadfast true (<OE trēowe, cf. Du trouw, NHG. treue), trothsome, trothful, trothly
loyalist n stalwart truand (cf. Du getrouw, NHG Getreue)
loyalty n troth, trueness trowe (<OE trēowe, cf. NHG. Treue, Du trouw)

hield (<OE)

lubricate vb slick, wax, wet -
lubricated adj slippery -
lubricious adj hot, lewd, itchy, wanton -
lucid adj shining, glowing -
Lügenpresse n liënpress -
luminous adj light-bearing, bright, lightened -
lunacy n madness, witlessness -
lunar adj moonly, moonish -
lunatic adj bats, batty, unhinged, moonstruck (archaic) -
luscious adj lush, sweet, good, lovely, smacky, smackful -
luster n gloss, gleam -
luxe adj silken -
luxuriant adj green, leafy -
lycanthropy n - warewolf-sickness
lynx n - lox (<OE 'lox', <PIE 'leuk', light)

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