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Staff J of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Freesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
Jack o'Lantern n will-o-the-wisp, foxfire, wildfire, marshlight Jack o'Lightvat

marrowhead (cf. Dan. græskarhoved)

Halloween-marrow (cf. NHG Halloween-Kürbis)

jaguar n spoted cat, truenicker (calque of Tupi-Guarani yaguareté)
jail n lockup fanghouse (cf. Fa. fangahús); carcern, dimhouse, fastern, wittern 2. slang terms: slough, blackhouse, iron-house
jam n konfiture -sweetspread, as strawberry, raspberry, quince, chokeberry sweetspread etc.
janitor n caretaker -
January n - Afteryule (OE), Frostmonth (cf. OHG Härtemonat), Foremonth (<W.Fr. Foarmoanne) Afteryulemonth
Japan n Land of the rising sun Dawnland
jar n urn (from Latin "urna") glass (cf. NHG Glas), pot
jargon n shoptalk, speak craftspeech (<OE cræftspræc)
jaundiced adj sallow -
jealous adj green-eyed andy (<OE andig), ellenhetten (<ellenhette + -en) nithy (<OE niþ), nitheful (<OE níþful), swartsick (<SW svartsjuk)
jealous person n -

andi(wo)man, ellenhettenwere, ellenhetten(wo)man

female: ellenhettenfraw (<ellenhetten + fraw, <NHG "Frau", woman), andifraw

benither, nither (cf. NHG Beneider, Neider)

jealousy n heartburn andiness, ellenhette (<OE ellenhete)

nithe (<OE niþ)

Jehovah n Almighty, Everlasting, Father, Godhead, Lord Allfather, Life's Weaver, Dryghten (or Drithen), Worldshaper
jellyfish n namby-pamby, wimp stingfish, brimfish
jester n funniman, gleeman -
Jesus n Lamb of God, Healer, Ihesu (<ME), Hæland (<OE, German) Ihesu, Jesu (<ME)
jewel n rock slang hurst (<OE)
jingoism n - wyetheedishness
jinx n mishap wanlucker
job n errand, chore, berth, business, work
second: bywork
char
join vb link, fit, fay, tie -
join vb meet, go in, come in
joint n limb, lith -
joke n prat, one-liner, trick, funny wit (<OE witt, cf. NHG Witz)
jolly adj blithe, gleeful, mirthful, merry -
journal n logbook, daybook -
journalism n news logkeeping, logcraft, loggership, newscraft
journalist n newsman bewriter, logger, logkeeper, logwriter
journey n ramble, wayfaring, fare reys, ferd (<ME, NHG fahrt) widesith
jovial adj blithe, gleeful, merry, mirthful eady
joy n gladness, warm fuzzles, mirth, lust, blitheness, glee winne, faining, listing,
joyful adj blissful, pleased, tickled, mirthful, merry, gleeful, blithe eady, faining, listing, reemful (OE hremig)
Judaism n - Jewdom,
judge vb settle; call, make, reckon; gather, make out: deem, hold hiler (<OE heolorian)
judge n deemer (<OE dēma), deemster lawlord, hilerand
judgment n doom, finding, holding; call; belief, eye, mind; fix, deemship ordeal (<OE ordāl)
judicious adj wise -
juggernaut n drive, push -
juice n sap, wos -
juice up vb fire, liven up -
jukebox n - songbox, swinbox, gleambox, gleebox
July n - Meadowmonth(<OE mead), Meadmonth (<OE), Afterlithe, Haymonth
jump vb leap, spring -
June n - Midsummermonth < OE, Erelith (<OE Ærra Līþa), Solmonth, Fallowmonth
jungle n whirlpool, madhouse, snaggle orweald (cf. Du. oerwoud, NHG Urwald)
junior adj younger, youth, young, underling -
jurisdiction n law, lawhood leedred (<OE leodræden)
just adj fair; straight, upright -
just adv barely, hardly, slightly; but, only; fully, rightly, sharply; nearly, lately

only now, anowly, benowly I just saw that

nar (cf. NHG nur)
just about adj almost sowhat (so + what) (cf. Du. zowat)
justice n fair shake, fairness, rightfulness, rightness righthood
justification n grounds begrounding (cf. NHG begründung)
justified adj well-grounded begrounded (cf. NHG begründet)
justify vb uphold, righten soothfasten (<OE sóþfæst)

beground (cf. NHG begründen)

juvenile adj young; green, unfledged, unripened -
juvenile n youngster, youth, stripling frumbeardling