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Staff H of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
haberdasher n - winkeler (<Du.)
habit n trend, wont, wone, thew gewonehood (cf. NHG Gewohnheit)
háček n - hookling
hadron n - strongmote
hagiography n - holilore, holglore(>OE halga)
hallelujah interj - herrigod (calque of Hebrew)
hallucination n - smoke and glass, sightmad.
halophile n salt-loving
hamlet n hem, thorpe hamling
harass vb harry, bother, stalk, taw, harrow -
harmony n bond, overlay, like-mindedness, togetherness

est (OE)
evenheartness (<OE efenheortnes)
of voices: evenleether (<OE efenhlēoðor), leethering (<OE hlēoðorung)

harness vb inspan -
hashish n - hemptar
haste n speed -
haunt vb hound, stalk, ghost -
have in common vb - evendeal (<OE efenġedæl)
having a good voice adj - wellstemned (<OE welġestemned)
headphone(s) n headset, earspeaker(s) headspeaker, headswan, earset, earswan
hectare n - hundreder
heir n - jerfe (<OE ierfa, cf. NHG Erbe)
helicopter n eggbeater, whirlybird bladewing (airship), whirlwing, spinning-vanes
thyrl (<Ic.)
heliotrope n - siggelwhearfe (<OE sigelhweorfe) pl: siggelwhearfen (<OE sigelhwearfan)
helix n writhe, twist double: twofold writhe
helmet n helm -
hemi- pref half-, sam-, sand-, some- -
hemicircle n - halfring, samring
hemisphere n - halfball, samball
hen coop n henhouse -
hepatitis n liver-sickness -
heptagon n - sevenside
herb n grass, shrub, wort wortgrass, wortstalk, wortsmack, wortsmatch

croud (<PG krūdą, cf. NHG Kraut)

herbicide n weedkiller -
herbivore n - grass-eater, wort-eater
heresy n - dwild (<OE dwild), trewleaseness (<OE tréowléasnes)
heritage n bequest, birthright erve (<OE ierfe; cf. NHG Erbe)
hermaphrodite n - beddle, newhalf, scrat, scrit, manwoman
hermit n loner lonesettler (cf. NHG Einsielder)

hero(ïne)

n white hat

heleth(in) (<OE hæleð, cf. NHG Held)

noble: bearn (<OE beorn)

heroïc deed n - ellenwork (<OE ellenweorc)
heroïsm n doughtiness helethdom (cf. NHG Heldentum)
herpes n tetter -
hesitate vb dither swither
heterogeneous adj mixed -
heterosexual n straight witherdrawn
hexagon n - sixside
hiatus n gap, break -
hibernate vb winter, overwinter -
hibiscus n rosemellow -
hick n redneck, hillbilly -
hicksville n backtown -
hideous adj awful, dreadful, evil, foul, fulsome, loathsomeunfair sickening, ugly unfair, uncomely
litless (<OE wliteleas)
hippopotamus n - waterhorse, nilehorse (calque)
histology n - lifebricklore, (life)thrumlore (Ar. علم الأنسجة)
historian n - ysheodteller (<OE gescēode + teller)
historic adj - ysheodly (cf. NHG Geschichtlich)
history n yesteryear, yore

eretide; life tale

ysheode (<OE gescēode, cf. NHG Geschichte)

happenness (cf. Du. geschiedenis)

happenlore (cf .Du. geschiedkunde)

ancient: firnmind (<OE fyrnġemynd)

hodiernal adj - tidely
holocaust n bloodbath, death, slaughter -
hologram n - woven build
homicide n murder, manslaughter -
Holy Innocents Day n Childermas -
home n -

eard (<OE) pl: earda (<OE)

dear: eardlove (<OE eardlufu) pl: eardlova (<OE eardlufa)

homily n chestnut lorespell (<OE lárspell), teaching-spell, folklore (<OE folclar, after the Grk 'homilos,' 'crowd')
homogenous adj samewise, kindred stemling, stemsharing
homosexuality n. manlove samekind (cf. Far. samkynd)
honest adj truthful, upright, forthright, full, open, becoming, frank lutter (<OE hlutor)
honesty n truthfulness, forthrightness lutterness
hono(u)r n uprightness

ore (<OE ár)

deemworthing (<OE dómweorðung)

ornament: gling (<OE gleng)

indryght (<OE indryhtu)

greatness, distinction, celebrity: mearness (<OE mǽrnes)

tire (<OE tír)

worthfulness, worthing, worthliness, worthmind, worthness, worthship (<OE)

mind's-worth

seat of: thrimseld (<OE þrymseld), thrimsettle (<OE þrymsetl)

special: sunderworthing (<OE sundorweorðung)

hono(u)r vb worthy mather (<OE mǽðrian)

mear (<OE mǽran)

mearse (<OE mǽrsian)

o(u)ver (<OE uferian)

stepe (<OE stépan)

breme (<OE gebréman)

meed (<OE gemedemian)

ore (<OE geárian)

oreworth (<OE geárweorðian)

worth (<OE weorðian)

honourable adj upright, upstanding oreworthy
hooligan n rough neck -
hope of a ressurection n - aristhyght (<OE æristhyht)
horde n throng -
horizon n skyline skyedge; skyfoot, skysill
horizontal adj - flatways, flatwise, warp
hormone adj - spur
horology n - timekeeping seercraft
horrible adj awful, dreadful, fearful, frightful, ghastly, grim, grisly, gruesome, bloodcurdling, hair-raising, scary

lathsome, gruring, hettely (<OE heteliċ)

grireful

horrify vb scare, frighten, affright
horror n awe, dread, fear, fright grire (<OE gryre, cf. NHG Grauen)
horticulture n - wortcraft
hospice n inn -
hospital n sickhouse, leechhouse., healhouse, sickbergh
hospitable adj guestfriendly comelithe (<OE cumliðe), guestly
hospitality n guestfriendship, guestfriendliness -
hostage n - gisel (<OE ġīsel, cf. NHG Geisel)
hostile adj foesome, unfriendly, fiendish, fiendlike, fiendly (<OE fēondliċ, ‎cf. NHG feindlich)

(but fiendish and fiendlike are already attested)

hostility n foehood, unfriendliness, fiendishness feaghth (<OE fæhþ) pl: feaghtha (<OE fæhþa), fiendliness
hot chocolate n bitterbrew -
hotel n guesthouse, inn

toachirhouse (<OE tōċirhūs)

hour n stound, tide longlog
huge adj great, big, wide -
hullabaloo n uproar, ado, merry hell, to-do -
human n earthling, man were, wordling, soul
human adj earthborn menshly (<OE mennisclic)

werely, (<OE werlic)

humanitarian adj do-good -
humanity n folk, world; kindheartedness, ruth, warmheartedness, mankind werekin
humanize n -

manthwar (<OE ġemanþwærian)

humble adj down-to-earth, meek, lowly -
humerus n arm-bone -
humid adj dank, damp, sweltry, sticky, wet -
humiliate vb cheapen, foul, lower, shame, sink, take down forhien(<OE forhīenan), anether (<ME anetheren<OE aniþerian), neigh (<OE hnaégan), nither (<OE niðrian)
humiliating adj toe-curling, cringe-making -
humility n down-to-earthness, lowiness, meekness lowlayth, lamblikeness, sackclothness
humourous adj funny, witty, side-splitting -
hurricane n gale, whirlwind -
hurt vb harm, scathe, wound -
husband n were (<OE "wer", companion of "wife" lost via ON "husbondi")
hushed adj still, lown (dialect) -
hyacinth n - bluehurst
hybrid n/adj - thwarsebreed
hydraulics n waterworks -
hydrogen n waterstuff (Poul Anderson) lightmote
hydrotherapy n - waterhealing
hymn n hymn, Churchsong hymn (<OE ymen) Churchsong (<OE Ciricsang)
hyper adj overspringed, springy -
hyphen n dash -
hypnosis n bedazzling, spellbinding -
hypnotise vb bedazzle, grip, spellbind -
hypnotic adj bedazzling, gripping, spellbinding

sleep soothing, sleepy

-
hypocritical adj Pecksniffian, double-faced, two-faced, double-dealing -
hypocrisy n double-dealing unluterness
hypothermia n cooling, freezing, frostbite undercooling (calque from German Unterkühlung)

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