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Staff G of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • NHG = New High German
  • Du. = Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
gabbling adj babbling tungy, gossipy
galactose n - brainsweet
galaxy n spiral: starswirl; Milky Way starset
galleon n - fleetship, oarsteed
gallery n hallway, hall, room(s) crafthall
galley n

-

cookroom; oarship
gallium n - frankstuff
garage n - roadhut, wainhold, wainshed
garden n grove, (green)yard worttown
gardener n green thumb, handyman grover, wortward
gargoyle n - waterspewer (cf. NHG Wasserspeier; Du. waterspuwer)
garland n wreath, helm bee
garments n clothes, cladding, wearing, clothing -
garrulous adj long-winded, jabber-jawed, talksome, wordy -
gas n wind loft
gay adj blithe, blithesome, blissful, blissome, merry, happy -
gazebo n summerhouse openhouse, walless house
gecko n - leather athex (<OE hléoðor 'sound voice song-hearing')
gem n stone hurst (<OE hyrst), athelstone (calque)
gender n - asleye (< "a-" + ME "sleye" cf. NHG Geschlecht, Du geslacht)
gene n - kinth, shedling
genealogy n birth, blood line, breeding, stock

folktale (<OE folctalu)

kinreckonness (<OE cynnreccennes)

kinlore, elderlore, forelderlore

general n - hereteme (<OE heretēma) pl: heretemen (<OE heretēman), fyrdlord, lattew (<OE latteow)

hereleader (cf. NHG Heerführer)

general adj broad, overall ally (<OE eallic), armen (<OE eormen), mean (<OE mæn), kindly, kinly
generality n breadth meanliness (<OE gemǽnelicnes)
generally adv broadly, mainly, mostly, on the whole; widely meanly
generate vb make, give rise to; beget, breed
generation n time, days, lifetime, span; wave, crop, batch; breeding, begetting strind, breedstock, kith-end (Scots), kneeris (<OE cnēoris) pl:  kneerisse (<cnēorissa)
generic adj wide, sweeping, broad-brush, overall -
generous adj kind, openhanded givle (<OE gifol)
generously adv kindly, handsomely, freely gively
genesis n beginning, start -
genetics n - kinthlore, kindlore
genial adj mellow, nice, sweet; hail-fellow-well-met, hearty, matey, neighbourly, warm-hearted; mild, soft lithe
genie n - wishghost
genitive case n - owningly (<OE agniendlic), whosefall (refer to German "Wesfall/Wessenfall")
genius n brain; head, knack; leaning; clay, self wittle
genocide n - kinslaughter, folkslaughter, bulkslaughter

folkmurth

genome n bequest, growthplot -
gentle adj bland, light, mellow, mild, soft, soothing smolt
gentleman n lord; fellow athelman, hire (cf. Du. heer, Sw. herre...)
genuflect vb kneel, kneebow, kneebend -
genuine adj sound, true, sterling; heartfelt, earnest; straightforward, upfront echt (<NHG)
geography n landscape

earthlore (cf. NHG Erdkunde)

landfrod (cf. Ic. landafræði)

geology n - earthfrod (cf. Ic. jarðfræði)
geometry n - shapelore, nooklore, landmete
geostationary adj - sporfixed
geothermal adj - earthwarmed
geranium n cranesbill -
gerbil n - leaprat
geriatric n long-lived, over-the-hill forolden
germ n bug(colloqial) -Bugle (bug+le)
German adj - Theech/Thech, Dutch, High Theech/High Dutch (see German Hochdeutsch)
Germanic adj - Theedish/Thedish (cf. OE Þeodisc), Germanish
germanium n - theedstuff
Germany n - Theechland, Dutchland, Theedland, Teutonland
germinate vb bud, sprout, shoot, blossom, burst forth, grow up, put forth, take root, spring up -
gestational adj bearingly, bearingsome -
gesture n/vb beckon, flag, wave shrithing; hoveliness
gesundheit n bless you -
giant n - ettin, ent (<OE)
gigantic n - entish (<OE entisc)
gimlet n auger -
gingiva n gum, teeth('s) flesh -
gingko n - maidenhairwood (cf. NHG Mädchenhaarbaum)

maidenhair (tree)

giraffe n - reachneck, olvendhorse (calque Af. kameelperd)
glacial adj icy, biting, cold, freezing, raw, chill, frosty -
glacier n - icklehead (<OE gicel)
global adj worldwide, broad-brush, overall -
globalisation n - oneworldness, worldspanning, ?beworlding
globe n world, earth worldball (cf. Du. wereldbol)

earthkuggle (cf. NHG Erdkugel)

glorious adj bright, shining; wonderful, heavenly

arsome, merthly, wuldersome, wuldrig, thrymfast (<OE þrymfæst)

hoary, hoarly (cf. NHG herrlich) (see Eng. hoar)

glory n -

oar (<OE ár), merth (<OE mærþ)

wulder (<OE wuldor)

reeth (<OE hrēþ)

in war: ashtire (<OE æsctīr)

hoariness, hoarlihood (cf. NHG herrlichkeit)

glucose n - mustsweet
glue vb stick, fix, seal, fasten

clithe (cf. OE cliða)

glue n lime -
gluttony n greed fill
glycerine n - sweetlime
glycogeen n - sinewsweet
goblin n kobold puckle
goddess n - goddin/gidden (<OE gyden)
godparent n godfather, godmother godsib, godelder
goitre n - swellthroat
go on an expedition phr - fierd (<OE fierdian)
gorilla n - brawnape
gossamer adj thin, flimsy -
govern vb lead, hold sway over rede, sway (arch), steer, rike
governor n head, leader helmsman, highthane, folk leader
government n oversight, stewardship, leadership

lawmoot, redeship

ledeward (<OE léodweard)

GPS n -

WSF (Worldwide Steadfinding Framework); steadfinder (i.e. the device)

grace n meed; kindness; handsomeness

are ("ay-r" ety. 2), est, held (<OE), lity (OE wlitig)

giveness (<OE gifnes), hoveliness

grace vb - beare (calque of NHG beehren)
gracious adj sweet, well-bread, mannerly, heldsome, open-handed, hende
gradual adj steady, even, unhurried -
gradually adv step by step, little by little, bit by bit, steply, stepwise stepmeal (<OE stæpmælum)
grain n corn
grallatores n waders -
grammar n - speechcraft, staffcraft (<OE stæfcræft), wordlaw
gramophone n - trindplayer (cf. Du. platenspeler, NHG Plattenspieler)
grand adj great, lofty, lordly swith good
grandfather n - eldfather (<OE ealdfæder)
grandiloquent adj - speakle
grandiose adj

proud; high-handed, lah-di-dah

-
grandmother n - greatmother, foremother, eldmother (<OE ealdmodor)
granite n - moorstone
grant vb give, bestow -
grape n - droove (cf. Du. 'druif', NHG 'Traube')
wineberry
graphic n - bilthish (calque from Yiddish "bilderish")
graphite n lead writstone
grateful adj thankful queme, thankle
gratitude n thank, thankfulness -
gratuitous adj free; needless, groundless, uncalled-for -
gravity n earnestness, heftiness

weightiness

physics: weightpull, sweercraft (calque of NHG Schwerkraft, Du. zwaartekracht)

great suffering n - harmquale (<OE hearmcwalu) pl: harmquale (<OE hearmcwala)
grenade n - springapple
gridiron n - bakering
grief n ruth, heartache, sorrow -
grieve vb rue, weep, mourn, sorrow -
grocer n greenmonger -
groin n lisk -
group n thede, fay, bunch, crowd, team, gang, cluster, crop, flock, set, shoal samening (<OE samnung)
gruel n - watermush
grume n clot -
guano n dung batshit
guarantee vb/n ice; n: bond, deal weir (OE 'fence, enclosure')
munding (OE mund 'hand palm, trust')
guard v watch for, shield, shelter bewatch (Eng., cf. NHG bewachen)
guardian n keeper, warden, warder, ward holdand, swinward
guava n - pearberry
guide vb/n show the way, lead(er), steer wise(r) (Eng. dialectal) (cf. NHG Weisen, O.Frank. witan)
guillotine vb/n - bladefaller, Guillotin's deathrig (the Guillotine was named after the man who invented it), swiftkiller, beheading tool, Wilhelm's deathrig (Guillotin is a form of Wilhelm)
guitar n - harpfiddle
guerrilla n - blast uprising, bushwhacking, bushfighting
guinea pig n - seapig (cf. Norw. "marsvin"), gnawpig (cf. Ic. "nuggrís")
gulf n bight, cove -
gullet n throat, craw, maw -
gully n draw (shallow) -
gulp vb - overswallow
gunpowder n - gundust
gyroscope n - shiftop, ringwatcher

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