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English Wordbook/F

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Staff F of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE=Old English
  • NHG=New High German
  • Du.=Dutch

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
fable n tale -
fabric n cloth, argmt: shell, framework thrum (<OE)
fabricate vb bring into being, build, make, put together, run up, set up, shape; think up, write; lie, make up -
fabulous adj groovy, amazing, sterling, top-shelf, wonderful -
facade n foreside, forehead; outer-skin, put-on, show -
face n shell, cast, side, foreside anatomy:
neb (<OE nebb), anleth (<ME anleth)
leer, hue, blee, mug, forefeeler (that which shows feeling at the front), besight, ysight(calque of many Germanic languages), beseer, andwliter (<OE andwlita) pl: andwliten
facet n side, bearing -
facetious adj biting, tung-in-cheek, sharp-witted, salty, smart, witty -
facilitate vb easen -
fact n truth deedsake (cf. NHG Tatsache)
fact, in phr indeed, in truth soothly
factor n building block -
factory n - buildworks
worksmithy (cf. Ic. verksmiðja)
faculty n - lorehalldeal
fad n hit, brainstorm -
fade vb dwindle, wane sear
fæces n shit, shite, stool, dirt, dung -
faggot n - stickbind, stickfasten, stickbundle
faience n - tin-glazed earthenware
fail vb fizzle, flop, flunk trock (<OE trucian), swether
failure n oversight, blunder, washout trockness (<OE trucian), swethering
faint vb swoon, flake out, black out -
fair n hoppings -
fairy n elf -
fairytale n - elvinrime
fait accompli n done deed, done deal, fulfilled, carried out, (thing) over and done -
faith n belief, troth lief (<OE lēafa)
faithful adj down-the-line, fast, good, steadfast, steady, true-blue liefful (<OE ġelēafful)
faithfulness n - lieffulness (<OE ġelēaffulnes) pl: lieffulnessa (<OE ġelēaffulnessa)
faith, to have vb trust, lief -
falcon n - falk (cf. Dan./Now./Swed. Falk, Du. valk, NHG. Falke)
fallible adj unsound, wanting -
false adj lease, off, unsound, untrue, wrong; sham; crooked; flicke; misdealing, misleading -
falsely accuse vb - forwray (<OE forwregan)
fame n name, wellstanding, stardom, limelight, greatness

breme (<OE)

reth (<OE hreþ)

familiar adj friendly, inward, near, thick, tight; abreast; household hewcouth (<OE hiwcuþ)

forwildering (as unlike bewildering)

family n kin, kindred, kinfolk, ilk, sib ilk, inherd, kneeris (<OE cnēoris) pl:  kneerissa (<cnēorissa)
family household n - hewreaden (<OE hiwræden)
famine n dearth, hunger -
famished adj hungry, starving, hunger-bitten -
famous adj well-known, couth breme (<OE brēme), mare
fan n lover, nut device: blower, waffer, waffend

enthusiast: fultumer (<OE: fultum, support) bewonderer (cf. Du. bewonderaar)

fanatic n hardnose -
fanaticism n - ellentroth
fancy n liking, longing, bent, flighty thought, daresay, brainwave -
fancy adj showy -
fantastic adj wonderful -
fantasy n daydream mindwonder; wonder flight
farce n take-off, dry-wit -
farrago n mash, mashing, all-kinds-of sundrying
fasces n bundle -
fascia n strip. band -
fascism n - farright rikedom
fascist adj/n - farrightwing

n: farrightwinger

fascinate vb bewitch, spellbind, draw, fire, inthrall, eyebite (cited by Richard Chenevix Trench) -
fascinated adj inthralled, bewitched, spellbound -
fashion vb fit, put, shape; frame hue (<OE hiwian), fangle
fashion n trend, way fangle
fashionable adj cool slang, trendy; crowd-pleasing -
fastidious adj choosy, picky -
fatal adj deadly -
fatal wound n - wealben (<OE wælbenn) pl: wealbenna (<OE wælbenna)
fatamorgana n - loftglass
fate n doom

weird meaning was skewed by Shakespear's Weird Sisters, revived after dying as a word meaning "destiny"

wyrd (<OE), orlay (<OE orlæg)
fatigue n frazzle, tiredness, weariness -
fatuous adj brainless, half-witted, thickheaded -
fault n shortcoming, want, weakness; mistake, oversight, trip; pockmark

dwild (<OE), shild (<OE scyld, cf. NHG./Du. Schuld)

fauna n wildlife deerworld, wightlife
faux-pas n mistake, misstep, slipup fake-step (Calque of the French) 
favor n kindness, blessing; one-sideness, shine hild, milts (<OE)
favourable adj bright, golden, heartening, hopeful belikening, fair-boding
favourite adj beloved, darling, fair-haired, fond, loved, sweet, white-headed; choses, handpicked; crowd-pleasing belikened
feasible adj likely, doingly, seemingly, timely, welltimed, wieldly, worthwhile howingly (<OE hogian: plan)
feast n feed, spread; wealth simble (<OE symbel)
Feast day (religious) n - simbleday (<OE symbeldæg)
feature n shape, look, make, mark -
February n - Filibrook, Solmonth, Horningmonth
feckless adj bootless, hamstrung -
federal adj - kernelish
federation n - gathertang (<OE gadertang)
feeble adj weak -
fee simple n freehold -
feign vb sham, put on -
feint n blind, hoodwinking, put-on, red herring -
felicitate vb  hug -
feline adj catlike -
felony n - headsin, deathshyld (<OE dēaþscyld)
female adj she-kind
pref: she-
wifely (<OE wíflic, NHG weiblich)

shesome

female n woman, wife, lady frao (<OE frēo, cf. NHG Frau)
feminazi (slang) n - she-fiend
feminism n - shehoodness, shehood
feminist n/adj -

shehooder

adj: shehoodish

femto (-byte) pref fifteen- -
femur n thigh bone -
fence n wall, hedge, sundering -
fend (off) vb ward off, hold off, keep off -
fender n shield, windshield, hob; midriff -
fennec n - dryland fox
feodalism n - flack fellowship
feral adj wild, untamed, running mad, tameless -
feric adj ironlike -
feriferous adj - iron-yielding, ironbear, ironbere
ferment n barm -
ferocious adj fiendish, mad, grim, warlike, wild, frothing -
ferret n - neasle
ferret vb hound, harry, seek out nease (<OE neosian)
fertile n fallow, yielding, loamy wastombear
fervent adj glowing, warm-blooded -
fester vb burn, rot, weep, blain -
festival n holiday guild (<OE gield), frealsing
festive adj festlike, cheery, grooving, upbeat, hearty, merry, gleeful frealsing
festoon n - wreathe
festoon vb deck, trim, doll up clad up
fetid adj smelly, stenchy, rank -
fetish n - kink, overlust
feudal adj toll-run, feeholding, lendship -
feud n foe-fighting, bad blood, ill-feeling -
fever n ail, sickness driff, rithing (<OE), raised body heat, to be burning up
fiancee n betrothed, husband-to-be, wife-to-be -
fiasco n out-and out breakdown, full-blight, misdeal -
fibre/fiber n bristle, thread; backbone, grit, guts, pluck thrum
fibula n calf bone, bow pin -
fiction n - umbtruth, playtruth
fidelity n faithfullness, troth heldrede (<OE hyldræden)
figment n daydream dwimmer
figure out vb riddle, work out -
filings n - swarf
filter n/vb sieve, sift, winnow, trawl -
final adj last, last, rearmost, hindmost; flat, frozen, hard, set, settled -
finale n ending, showdown -
finally adv at last, endily -
finance n thrift gelthlore, gelthwist (cf. NHG Geldwesen)
fine n/adj

dusty, finespun, hairline; neat, straight, spot-on; four-star; keen, sharp; tasteful;

adv: all right, good, middlingly

sifer, swotel

n: lawslight

finish vb end, fullcome -
finish n ending -
fireplace n hearth -
firm adj fast, bound, unyielding, stalwart -
firmament n blue, heaven(s), high, welkin

swail, rother (<OE), heaven-wheel (<OE), beaten-stretch (more literal to Biblical 'raqia')

fiscal adj - gelth
fissure n crack, split, cleft chine (<OE chin)
fix vb/n fasten(ing), right, work overhaul -
fixed adj given, fast, fastened -
flaccid adj limp -
flagellate n lash, leather, rawhide -
flagellum n whip -
flame n blaze, fire, fire-shoot, lowe -
flamingo n - stiltswan, fireswan
flange n rim -
flatulence n wind -
flavour n tang, smack, smatch -
flax n - linwort
Flensburg n - Flensburgh
flexible adj lithe, bendy, limber, bendfull, bendsome, bowsome -
flexibility n limberness bendfullness (<OE bendfulnes)
flight-hooligan n flight-dretch
flinch vb draw back, wince, hang back, reel, shy, blench -
flirt vb eye-tease, eye play -
floccinaucinihilipilificate vb deem worthless -
flora n green bloomlife, wortlife
Florence n - Fairburgh (cf. Ic. Fagurborg)
flour n meal -
flourish vb bloom, blossom forblow (OE blowan, NHG blühen)
flower n bloom, blossom bloostem (<OE blōstm)
fluctuate n swing -
fluent adj flowing, smoothspoken -
fluorescent adj leaming flowglowing
flux n flowing outierning (<OE ūtiernung) pl: outiernyga (<OE ūtiernunga)
focus n eye; lodestar fuster (< OE fustra)
folly n dullness, unwisdom, witlessness, boneheadedness wanwit, dullship, stuntness, fleard, oodness, unwareship, sotship, 
fondant n frosting, icing -
fondue n - smeltcheese
fool n/adj dotty, half-baked; sucker; halfwit, bonehead, meathead narr (cf. other Germ. langs.)
fool's gold n mullock -
foolhardy adj brash, bold, headlong, heedless, hot-headed, daring, daresome, reckless -
footprint n footmark footspoor, trod, last, footlast
force n'/vb" strength, dint, might, thring; thrust, shove, pull

thrack (<OE þracu)
groundswell (nautical)

military: manfulltume (<OE manfultum)

heavenly: heavenmaiën (<OE heofonmæġen) "vb:" twing (<NHG zwingen)

forceps n tongs -
forcible adj strong-arm -
foreign adj new Welsh (<OE wealh + -ish), farborn, outlandish
foreign country n farland, faraway land, outland althede
foreigner n outlander, outsider altheder, farlander, fremd-folk
forest n wald, weald, wold, wood(land), holt, frith, timberland -
forficula n earwig forky tail, clipshear
forge vb/n

get along; carve out, grind out, thrash out, work up; beat, draw, pound

n: smithy, hammermill

-
form n shape hue (<OE hiwian)
form vb shape, make, begin, build maithwlite (<OE mǣġþwlitian)
formal adj starchy, stiff-necked, stilted; lofty, high-flown -
formation n setting up, shaping, building, making forestalling
formatted n shaped -
formidable adj stalwart -
formula n 1. draft 2. leechwrit, spellwrit
fornication n - dernledging (<OE diernlicgan)
fort(ress) n keep, stronghold, fastness hillwark
fortification n stronghold umthrimming (<OE ymbtrymming)

befastening (calque)

fortitude n backbone, grit, grittiness, pluck ellen, strength
fortune n hap, luck -
forum n moot, soapbox mootstow (<OE mótstów)
fossil n forbone wightstone
fotanelle n mould -
found vb ground, build, begin, settle -
foundation n groundwork, groundstone, staddle stathel (<OE staþol)
fountain n cradle, root, seedbed, wellspring
head: headspring
-
foyer n waiting room -
fraction n share, lot, deal, breaking -
fracture n/vb break -
fragile adj brittle, weak brokenly (<OE brocenlic)
fragment n thrum, scrap, shatters, sherd breakdeal
fragmentation n - forcleaving
framboise n raspberry -
francophone adj French-speaking
fraternal adj brotherly -
fraternity n brotherhood -
fraud n swindle overcraft (<OE ofercræft), lot
fray vb frazzle -
frenzy n madness hestmadness
frequency n oftenness -
frequent vb/adj hang at; adj: everyday, household simble (<OE)
frequently adv often, over and over -
fresco n - chalkmealing
fresh adj frim, new -
fricative adj rubclank -
friction n rubbing -
fringe n edge, outskirt -
front n fore, afore, foreside -
frontier n region: backlands, backwater, backwoods, bush, hinterland, outback mire (<OE mære)
fructose n - berrysweet
fruit n ovest, seed, spawn; output, work, yield, blead, ovet (cf. Du. ooft, NHG Obst)

wastum (<OE wæstm), berry

fruitful adj lush wastomly (<OE wæstmlic)
fruitfulness n - wastombereness
frustrate vb thwart -
fucacae n seaweed float-wort, seawrack
fuel n - firefod (<OE fyrfoda)
fugitive n runaway, lamster  flightling, wreacca (< OE wræcca)
fulcrum n shaft, heart, swivel -
fulfilment n fulfilling -
fuliginous adj sooty, grimy, blackish, darkish, dusty, emberlike, cinderly, ashlike, coomy -
fulminate n huff -
fumigate vb - bereak (<berēocan)
fun vb play
function n work brooking (<OE brucing)
workgoal
functional adj working -
fund n nest egg; wherewithal; stock groundfest
fundament n groundwork -
fundamental adj underlying, innermost, key needmickle (<OE nidmicel)
funeral n - begraving
fungus n - swamb (<OE swamm)
funk n dank -
furnace n oven -
furniture n fittings, roomware, houseware -
fuse n meld, cleave forsmelt
futile adj/n worthless fremeless
future n by-and-by, hereafter, offing forthshaft (<OE forðgesceaft), towardness  (<OE tōweardnes) pl': towardnessa (<OE tōweardnessa)
future adj forthcoming, upcoming, unborn

forthtime near and far

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